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Acarbose
High glucoseAcarbose is an oral anti-diabetic drug for treating Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and pre-diabetes in some countries. It is marketed under the brand name Glucobay (Bayer AG) in Europe, Precose (Bayer Pharmaceuticals) in North America, and Prandase (Bayer AG) in Canada. It inhibits Alpha Glucosidase which is an enteric enzyme that releases glucose from larger carbohydrates by digesting starches in food. Thus, it belongs to the class of drugs termed Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors. It results in a lower and slower increase in blood glucose especially right after meals.

Acarbose helps diabetic and obese patients with postprandial lipid metabolism
Acarbose is an inhibitor type of drug for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It primarily hinders or reduces the glycoside hydrolases or alpha glucosidase which are enzymes found in the intestines and are responsible for digestion and processing of carbohydrates into glucose. Continue reading...


Accupril
HypertensionAccupril (Generic Name: quinapril) belongs in a class of drugs termed angiotensin converting enzyme or ACE inhibitors. Quinapril is used for treating high blood pressure or hypertension and for managing heart failure as an adjunctive therapy. ACE inhibitors are also used as a remedy in case of heart failure or hypertension but may also be used to prevent kidney failure caused by hypertension and diabetes. Side effects of quinapril may include coughing, vomiting, diziness, upset stomach, fatigue and angioedema.

Characteristics of Accupril in hypertensive patients.
Accupril is a brand name for the generic drug Quinapril which is a group of drugs that inhibits angiotensin converting enzyme. It is a commonly used maintenance for hypertension and medication for heart failure or diseases. This drug is taken in orally and will be converted to quinaprilat as an active metabolite once it reaches the liver. ACE is an essential enzyme that allows the conversion of Angiotensin I into Angiotensin II. Continue reading...


Aciphex
reflux esophagitisAciphex (Generic Name: rabeprazole), marketed in Europe under the name Pariet as is an anti-ulcer drug. It is used for temporary treatment of ulcers and ulcerative or erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It is also used for long-term healing of hypersecretory issues which include Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and to stop Helicobacter pylori with the use of clarithromycin and amoxicillin. Rabeprazole’s side effects may include headache, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, and vertigo.

The efficacy of Aciphex in treatment of the reflux esophagitis

Aciphex is the US trademark name of the antiulcer drug, Rabeprazole which is also a group of drugs included in the class of proton pump inhibitors. It acts quickly to treat the symptoms of duodenal ulcers and severe gastroesophageal reflux disease which oftentimes involve pain relief. Continue reading...


Actos
InsulinActos (Generic Name: Pioglitazone) belongs to the class thiazolidinedione (TZD) and is a prescription drug with hypoglycemic action (antihyperglycemic/antidiabetic action). It is used to treat Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus which was known as Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM). It was also used for the treatment of fatty liver or Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis but this use is currently regarded as experimental. Pioglitazone may cause fluid retention and peripheral edema.

Aktos reduces insulin resistance in peripheral tissues and liver

Actos is a brand name of the drug Pioglitazone and is a Thiazolidinedione class. It is used as an antihyperglycemic and antidiabetic medication for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus also called Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus. In addition to this primary usage, Actos is also prescribed for Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis or a fatty liver condition. Continue reading...


Acyclovir
ZoviraxAcyclovir or Aciclovir (Brand names: Zovirax, Telviran. Chemical Name: acycloguanosine/ACV), is a gunosine analogue oral antiviral drug, which is commonly used and is extremely selective and has low level of cytotoxicity. It is mainly used for treating herpes simplex virus infections and herpes zoster (shingles). Zovirax relieves the symptoms and reduces the period of time the virus is active but does not totally cure the disease.

Acyclovir is time-tested, effective antiviral medication for herpes

Acyclovir is the international nonproprietary name of a drug called acycloguanosine which is a guanosine analogue. It is used as an antiviral drug for common sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus varicella zoster and herpes zoster. It is included in the latest breed of antiviral therapy medication because of low cytotoxicity and extreme selectiveness. This drug is also chosen because of rare occurrence of resistance. When Acyclovir is taken in, it is in a dormant or weakened state which is then activated after the body metabolizes it. Continue reading...


Adalat
AdalatAdalat (generic name: nifedipine) is a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. It is primarily used as an antihypertensive and antianginal (especially in the case of Prinzmetal’s angina). Recently, a wide array of other uses of this drug has been discovered, such as premature labor, Raynaud’s phenomenon, and painful contractions of the esophagus in tetanus and cancer patients. It is also widely used for a small division of pulmonary hypertension patients with symptoms responding to calcium channel blockers.

Adalat is classified as a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used as an antianginal for conditions such as Prinzmetal’s angine as well as a antihypertensive. After some recent time, it has also been experimentally prescribed with premature labor, Raynaud’s phenomenon and muscle spasms as exhibited with esophageal cancer or tetanus. On some cases, doctors prescribe Adalat to be used for pulmonary hypertension which affects respiratory capacity. The continued use is determined through any observable improvements in breathing or elimination of dizziness and other associated symptoms.


Adamantan
Amantadine
Adamantan and Viregyt are European brand names for the antiviral drug amantadine (generic name). Amantadine is an antiviral drug which can prevent virus replication in cells. It works by preventing the virus’ processes of invading and multiplying inside cells and is therefore considered as preventive rather than curative medication. To be able to render its positive effects on a person, it must be taken before the infection begins. A common warning sign that the intake of Adamantan is already too late includes fever.
Over the recent years, the secondary use of Adamantan is for Parkinson’s disease. Several clinical trials have shown that it may stop the progress or perhaps may even revert the symptoms of the disease which mainly affects the motor skills of the patient. This movement disorder is called dyskinesia. In a double-blind, randomized clinical trial, there were 36 patients of Parkinson’s disease and were divided into two groups for 300 mg of Adamantan and placebo per day in 27 days. Around 60% to 70% of the participants in the study who were affected with Parkinson’s disease to the stage of suffering dyskinesia already have shown improvement thereby demonstrating Adamantan’s effectiveness. This was evaluated after 15 days with the Rush Dyskinesia Rating Scale. After the trial was stopped, the researchers then used the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale part IV a, IV b and III.
Continue reading...


Aerius
Aerius (desloratadine) is a drug used to treat allergies. It is marketed under several trade names such as NeoClarityn, Claramax, Clarinex, Larinex, Aerius, Dazit, Azomyr, Deselex and Delot. It is an active metabolite of loratadine, which is also on the market.


Alendronate
TextAlendronate belongs to the drug class known as biphosphonates. It slows bone loss and thus, is used for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis which is also known as “the brittle bone disease” in post-menopausal women. It is also utilized to increase the bone mass of men who are suffering from osteoporosis. It is recommended for both women and men who have acquired a form of osteoporosis which is occasionally due to steroid medications, for instance prednisone. This drug is also used to mitigate pain caused by Paget’s disease of the bone which is a painful condition that deforms and weakens the bones. Alendronate is given daily or weekly. Its side effects may include ulceration of the esophagus, skin rash, and eye problems. Alendronate is a drug classified as biphosphonates that is prescribed in treatment of bone disorders such as osteoporosis. Though it may be sold on its own, Alendronate is commonly marketed along with vitamin D which increases the absorption of the drug as well as helps in strengthening the bones.


Allegra
allergyAllegra or Telfast (generic name: fexofenadine) is an antihistamine which is used to reduce the symptoms of hay fever, seasonal allergic rhinitis, and other types of allergies and for the treatment of chronic idiopathic urticaria. Like other antihistamines, this drug prevents the action of histamine on the eyes and nose and it is taken to relieve symptoms of allergies including runny nose, watery and itchy eyes, sneezing, and itchy throat. Since it is not a therapeutic drug, fexofenadine only prevents the aggravation of urticaria and rhinitis but does not really cure it. The usual side effects of the drug include nausea, headache, dizziness, sleepiness, nervousness, and drowsiness. However, since fenoxadine is similar to other antihistamines that belong to the second and third-generation, it does not readily cross the blood-brain barrier and therefore causes less drowsiness than histamine-receptor antagonists that belong to the first generation.

Allegra is a trademark name for Fexofenadine which is an antihistamine drug class prescribed for Hay fever or better known as allergic rhinitis and other allergy attacks. It is considered as a second and third generation group of antihistamine drugs which does not infiltrate the blood-brain barrier in an instant. This effect is avoided so as not to induce drowsiness to the person who had taken the drug. However, it is still effective in preventing allergy symptoms and antagonist to the H1 receptor by blocking it. Allegra should only be used before the attack of allergy to relieve the symptoms but it will not treat Hay Fever or Urticaria itself. Continue reading...


Allopurinol
Allopurinol (Zyloprim, and generics) is a drug used primarily to treat hyperuricemia (excess uric acid in blood plasma) and its complications, including chronic gout.


Amantadine
Antiviral TherapyAmantadine is an antiviral drug used for the symptomatic and prophylactic treatment of influenza A and Parkinson’s disease which is also known as shaking palsy and paralysis agitans. It is also used for the treatment of extrapyramidal reactions, postherpetic neuralgia, stiffness and shaking due to certain medications used to treat mental, nervous, and emotional conditions. Amantidine may be taken by itself or in together with other drugs for Parkinson’s disease. This drug allows more normal bodily movements as the symptoms of the disease declines by improving muscular control. It is sold under the name Vyregit and Symmetrel. Side effects may include insomnia, nervousness, agitation, and anxiety.
Amantandine is used in the treatment of Influenza A and Parkinson’s disease. It is a synthetic antiviral drug which can also be used for treating extrapyramidal reactions, post-herpetic neuralgia, shaking and stiffness that occur from other medications used for mental emotional and nervous conditions. This drug promotes more controlled body movement through restoring control of muscles.
Because a virus cannot replicate outside a living body, its replication is dependent on its ability to invade and take over other living cells. Amantadine acts by preventing the virus from taking over the host cell by preventing it from releasing its nucleic acid into the potential host cell. Amantadine promotes normal body movements by improving control over muscles and reduces stiffness of the muscles. It is also used in the treatment of the shaking and stiffness associated with certain other medicaments used in the treatment of mental, nervous and emotional conditions. Continue reading...


Amaryl
Diabetes type 2Amaryl (generic name: glimepiride) is a sulfonylurea anti-diabetic drug that is medium to long acting. It is very potent as the first third-generation sulfonylurea. This drug is oral blood sugar-lowering and belongs to the sulfonylurea class of medications which are used for managing diabetes. Lowering of blood sugar is due to the release of insulin through pancreatic beta cells drug stimulation and by drug induced increase in activity of intracellular insulin receptors. Glimepiride is related to other sulfonylureas such as glipizide (Glucotrol), glyburide (Micronase; Diabeta), tolazamide (Tolinase), and tolbutamide (Orinase). Its contraindications include pregnancy and hypersensitivity sulfonylureas while side effects may include leukopenia, occasional allergic reactions, hemolytic anemia, gastrointestinal disturbance, and thrombocytopenia (rarely). Moreover, the risk of hypoglycemia is raised in the first weeks of treatment. In December of 1995, Glimepiride was approved by the FDA.

AMARYL – DIABETES INNOVATIVE TREATMENT

Supposing yourself to be healthy, strong-minded and energetic with an adequate nutritional diet, the concept of Diabetes and its undesirability might never bother you. Take an overall attention to statistic below then consider again whether you should be even more careful than you thought you have already been or not. Continue reading...


Aminoguanidine
AGEs contribute to the formation of wrinklesAminoguanidine also known as Pimagedine is a drug that is capable of slowing down the aging process. It is commonly regarded that age-related changes in body are due to the cross-linking or glycosylation of protein. This drug is capable of protecting body-making-up proteins including the skin (elastin and collagen), nerves, eye lens, and kidney proteins from linking by means of combining itself with the substances that cause links. This way, it stops the aging of the body and prevents thickening of the arteries, senile cataracts, age-related yellowing and toughening of the skin, some cancers, and damage to the immune system. The effects of Aminoguanidine show that it may be capable of at least slowing the development of the aforementioned age-related conditions. It is proven that this drug has the ability of reducing the capacity of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), otherwise known as “bad cholesterol”, to stick to the wall of blood vessels which result to a less likely coagulation of blood platelets and avoidance of dangerous atherosclerotic plaques formation. Aminoguanidine is also able to inhibit age-related heart enlargement and irregular glucose metabolism which results in development of diabetes in old age. To a large extent, the visible effects of skin ageing owes to the formation of AGEs.

Aminoguanidine (aka Pimagedine) is a drug highly recognised for its anti-aging benefits.

One of the main causes of mammalian aging is known to begin with a reaction between glucose and other reducing sugars and the amine residues of proteins. This is a reaction that is not regulated by any enzymes and is called glycation (or Maillard reaction; this reaction is quite known in cooking as a form of “browning” and it gives a distinctive taste and a caramel colour to foods). The resulting glycoprotein (i.e. the sugar + protein formation) can further react with other proteins to form cross-links that are difficult for the body’s enzymes to break; so aggregations are gradually formed in various places inside the body. These aggregations are called AGEs (Advanced Glycation End Products). Continue reading...


Amitriptyline
Around the world, about 10% of people have or will suffer from depression at some point in their lifetimeAmitriptyline is an antidepressant that belongs to the tricylic antidepressant class of drugs. It affects chemical in the brain that may eventually become unbalanced and lead to depression. It is used to alleviate the symptoms of depression which include feelings of worthlessness, sadness, or guilt; tiredness; changes in appetite; loss of interest in daily activities; insomnia; sleeping too much; and though of suicide or death. Amitriptyline is one of the most clinically valuable antidepressant drugs.This drug is also used occasionally to ease certain types of pain. Amitriptyline is the most commonly used tricyclic antidepressant. Aside from decreasing depressive symptoms, it also gives relief to tension headaches, migraines, schizophrenic symptoms, and anxiety attacks. The main side effects of the drug are dry mouth and drowsiness. Other common side effects include changes in appetite, weight gain, muscle stiffness, constipation, nausea, nervousness, blurred vision, dizziness, urinary retention, changes in sexual function, and insomnia.


Arava
TextArava (Generic Name: Leflunomide) is an oral, disease-modifying drug which is used for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Leflunomide reduces joint-inflammation which leads to destruction of joints and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. It reduces inflammation through the suppression of the activity of immune cells that are responsible for the inflammation. Leflunomide also represses immune cells by inhibiting dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, an enzyme essential to produce DNA and RNA. Immune cells and most other type of cells cannot multiply, function, or exist without DNA and RNA. Due to its one of a kind mechanism of action, Leflunomide is valuable when added to other medications used for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Severe side effects may include liver damage, hepatitis, and jaundice. Continue reading...


Aredia
Text Aredia (Generic Name: Pamidronic Acid) is a bone loss inhibitor which is used to treat bone softening due to certain types of cancer. It is utilized to treat osteoporosis and inhibit bone loss. In Paget‘s disease it is used to make the bones strong. It prevents bone loss through the use of steroids and it gives high propensity to bones in some types of cancer including multiple myeloma wherein the drug is usually given as an intravenous infusion that lasts for about three hours. The therapy is lifetime and the patient should have it every month. Because of the drug’s capability to seize calcium in the bone, it is also utilized to remedy high calcium levels. It is being used experimentally for the treatment of Osteogenesis Imperfecta, a bone disorder which is also known as “brittle bones”. Common side effects of the drug include nausea, bone pain, dizziness, and low calcium levels. Continue reading...


Aricept
TextAricept (Generic Name: Donepezil) is an oral drug used for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. It belongs to the drug classification termed cholinesterase inhibitors which also include tacrine (Cognex). It is deemed by scientists that Alzheimer’s disease may be due to a deficiency in chemicals, specifically neurotransmitters, used by nerves which are inside the brain to communicate with each other. Aracept prevents acetylcholunesterase, an enzyme that causes the obliteration of one neurotransmitter which is acetylcholine. This results in more concentrations of acetylcholine in the brain. This condition is deemed to be the cause of the improvement observed during the treatment with Donepezil. Every now and then, this drug is being utilized by healthy individuals as a brain booster. It is found to be effective in memory enhancement and aids in learning. : Continue reading...


Arimidex
breast cancerArimidex (Generic Name: Anastrozole) is a medication used for the treatment of breast cancer post-surgery and metastases in women who are post-menopausal. This drug inhibits the enzyme aromatase which works by converting androgens into estrogens in the peripheral tissues. Via competitive inhibition, the drug reversibly binds to aromatase. Through this mechanism, Anastrozole works by interrupting a crucial step in the body’s production of estrogen. Certain breast cancer cells necessitate estrogen to enable them to grow. Thus, the growth of the breast cancer cells is suppressed by eliminating estrogen. The most common side effect associated with Anastrozole is bone weakness. Women who started using it after two years of using Tamoxifen had more frequent incidence of fractures compared to those who continued taking Tamoxifen. This drug may be used with statins which can strengthen the bone to avoid fractures and cardiovascular risks. Continue reading...


Astragaloside IV
Astragaloside IV is considered to be the primary active ingredient in Astragalus extract (Astragalus membranaceus), an herbal extract which has been famous for literally thousands of years for its anti-aging properties. Astragaloside IV has specific ability to activate telomerase, thus slowing down the shortening of telomeres, and extending cell lifespan. Shortening of telomers is associated with cellular ageing and the development of age-related diseases.


Atorvastatin
statinsAtorvastatin (trade Name: Lipitor) is an oral drug which belongs to the drug classification called statins which are utilized to lower blood cholesterol. It is also used to stabilize plaques and to inhibit strokes through anti-inflammation and other methods.
Atorvastatin prevents HMG-CoA reductase which is a rate-determining enzyme that can be found in the hepatic tissue that synthesizes mevalonate, a small molecule essential for the production of cholesterol and other derivatives of mevalonate. Through this, the amount of cholesterol produced is decreased and this results in a lower total amount of LDL cholesterol. Its side effects may include headaches, weakness, dizziness, and peripheral edema. Atorvastatin was first produced in 1985 by Bruce Roth while he was working at Parke-Davis Warner-Lambert Company which is now widely known as Pfizer. It is possibly the top-selling drug in the world. Continue reading...


Augmentin
antibioticAugmentin (Generic Name: Amoxicillin) is an oral penicillin which is semi-synthetic. It is an antibiotic that is used for treating middle ear, skin, sinus, urinary tract, and lower respiratory infections that are due to certain types of bacteria. It is also used for the treatment of bone and joint infections, intra-abdominal sepsis, and GUT infection. A chemical enzyme known as beta lactamase is produced by certain bacteria. This enzyme makes certain infections predominantly difficult to cure. For patients suffering from lymphedema, this drug is particularly beneficial and effective for lymphangitis infections and cellulitis. Side effects of taking Amoxicillin may include vomiting, nausea, antibiotic-related colitis, loose bowel movement or diarrhea, candidiasis, insomnia, and rashes. Its contraindications include prior history of Augmentin or penicillin-associated jaundice or hepatic dysfunction.

Augmentin is a semi- synthetic penicillin antibiotic for treating certain infections: urinary tract, mid ear, sinus, skin and respiratory infections caused by bacteria. It can also be used to treat bone and joint infections, Intra-abdominal sepsis and gut infections. Augmentin is especially effective in the treatment of lymphangitis and cellulitis. Augmentin contains clavulanic acid, which prevents makes certain types of bacteria more susceptible to antibacterial attack. Continue reading...


Avapro
AvaproAvapro (Generic Name: Irbesartan) is used for the treatment of high blood pressure. It belongs to the new class of drugs termed Angiotensin II receptor antagonists. This drugs mechanism is to inhibit the hormone Angiotensin II which works to narrow the blood vessels and results in high blood pressure. It is also recommended to ward off damage to the kidneys of people suffering from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, usually setting back the need for kidney transplant and dialysis. Avapro may be taken by itself or with other drugs for treating high blood pressure. Side effects may include flushing, dizziness, edema, headache, nausea, abnormal urination, libido changes, tachycardia, and diarrhea while contraindications include hypersensitivity, severe renal impairment, pregnancy, and lactation. Continue reading...


Avastin
treatment of cancerAvastin (Generic Name: Bevacizumab) is the first drug that belongs to a new class of medications that are used for the treatment of cancer by compromising blood supply. It was the first marketed angiogenesis inhibitor and is a humanized monoclonal antibody. It is deemed to inhibit angiogenesis which is the development of new blood vessels that provide blood, oxygen, and other nutrients to the tumor and tolerate its growth and metastasis to other parts of the body. Moreover, this drug may impede the growth of the tumor by stimulating the blood vessels to shrivel away from the tumor. It does so by targeting and holding back the function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) which is a natural protein that stimulates new blood cell formation. Bevacizumab is usually prescribed for Colorectal, Lung, and Breast Cancer. Side effects may include hypertension, risk of bleeding, perforation in bowel, stomach, and intestines.

AVASTIN (Bevacizumab) is first FDA Approved Medication to Inhibit Nutrient Supply to Cancer Tumors.

Cancer, a scary and potentially life-threatening diagnosis, has proven to be a very difficult battle for patients, their families and friends, doctors, and scientists alike. Research trials have revealed a new type of medication aimed at fighting cancer at its source. Continue reading...


Avemar immune booster
Avemar tabletsWe trade genuine Hungarian brand product - AVEMAR (known in USA under the generic version "AVE", Avemar Ave, Ave Avemar ). Avemar is recommended for patients suffering from malignant tumors as a supplement to clinical oncology treatment (surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy etc.). Avemar cancer protector supplement is the product of industrial fermentation of wheat germ, possesses unique cancer-fighting characteristics. Avemar is used to inhibit tumor dissemination and proliferation during and after radiation, surgery or chemotherapy. It is efficient in various human cancers, cultures of in vitro grown cells, in some autoimmune conditions or in the prevention of chemical carcinogenesis. In 1941, Huller and Stern analyzed chemical changes in wheat germ. In 1960, Albert Szent-Gyorgyi concluded that deficiency in ascorbic acid and methoxy groups, such as benzoquinones, leads to malignant diseases.

He suggested that by consuming these ingredients, it is possible to boost significantly the immune system. In 1992, a Hungarian scientist M?t? Hidv?gi started working on natural quinone concentrate, using the ideas of Albert Szent-Gyorgyi as a basis. A researcher Rita T?m?sk?zi-Farkas later joined him. Continue reading...


Azarga
azagraAzarga has two active substances: Timolol and Brinzolamide. It is an eye-drop suspension that is utilized to decrease ocular-pressure or IOP which refers to pressure inside the eye. It is prescribed to adults who are suffering from open-angle glaucoma which is an illness wherein the pressure in the eye is raised since the fluid cannot be drained out of the eye. It is also recommended for adults who have eye-pressure that is elevated or higher than normal, also known as ocular hypertension. Azarga is utilized when treatment with a medication that contains only one active substance has been carried out but failed to reduce the IOP adequately. Common side effects include blurred vision, dysgeusia, eye irritation, sensation of a foreign body in the eye, and eye pain.

Azarga is an eye drop for treating condition whereby the pressure in the eye is increased beyond the normal eye pressure. It consists of two active ingredients which are Timolol and Brinzolamide and it is used where eye medications consisting of a single active ingredient have proved ineffective or inappropriate for a patient. Such rise in ocular pressure could be as a result of conditions such as open-angle glaucoma due to fluid retention in the eye when the fluid draining mechanism of the eye malfunctions or for those with ocular hypertension. Azarga has been clinically tested on humans as an effective way to relieve increased intraocular pressure. Continue reading...


Azopt
TextAzopt (Genric Name: Brinzolamide) is used to lessen intraocular pressure or the pressure inside the eye in individuals suffering from ocular hypertension, wherein the pressure inside the eye is elevated or higher than normal, or open-angle glaucoma, an illness wherein the pressure inside the eye is raised since fluid cannot be drained out of the eye. This drug is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. It works by inhibiting an enzyme termed carbonic anhydrase that synthesizes bicarbonate ions in the body. Bicarbonate is essential in the production of the aqueous humour which is the watery fluid inside the eye. By preventing the synthesis of bicorbonate in the eye, Azopt dekays the creation of aqueous humour and thus reduces the pressure inside the eye. Common side effects include headache, dysgeusia, inflammation of the eyelids, eye irritation, blurred vision, eye discharge, dry eye, itchy eyes, red eye, dry mouth, and sensation of a foreign body in the eyes.

Azopt is an ocular (eye) drug used to treat eye problems such as glaucoma which results in an increased intraocular pressure. This rise in pressure could be due to fluid retention within the eye as it occurs in glaucoma or due to ocular hypertension. Azopt acts by inhibiting the action of carbonic anhydrase which synthesizes bicarbonate ions. These ions are involved in the process of fluid formation within the eye. By inhibiting the action of carboic anhydrase, azopt prevents the build-up of pressure in the eyes due to ocular fluid retention. Continue reading...


B-vitamin complex
B vitamin complexB-vitamins belong to the group of vitamins that are soluble in water and play crucial roles in the process of cell metabolism. In the past, it was believed that B-vitamins are a single vitamin similar to Vitamin A, Vitamin C, etc. and was called Vitamin B. It was later discovered that B-vitamins are chemically diverse vitamins that are usually present in the same foods (usually, whole unprocessed foods). Thus, a supplement that contains all the eight B-vitamins is referred to as B-vitamin complex. B-vitamins are essential in supporting and increasing metabolic rate, maintaining healthy muscle tone and skin, enhancing immunity and functions of the nervous system, promoting cell growth and cell division, and reducing the risk of having pancreatic cancer.
The B vitamins are a group of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. The B vitamins were once thought to be a single vitamin, referred to as vitamin B (much as people refer to vitamin C or vitamin D). Later research showed that they are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. In general, supplements containing all eight are referred to as a vitamin B complex. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin (e.g., B1, B2, B3 etc.).
EACH TABLET CONTAINS:
B1-10 mg, B2-10 mg, B6-10 mg, B12-10 mcg, Biotin 0.5 mg, Niacin-50 mg, Pantothenic acid-35 mg, Vitamin C - 500 mg, Zink-7.5 mg.
More about Zinc (Zn) read our article. Continue reading...


B-vitamin complex forte
 Vitamin B complexB-vitamins belong to the group of vitamins that are soluble in water and play crucial roles in the process of cell metabolism. In the past, it was believed that B-vitamins are a single vitamin similar to Vitamin A, Vitamin C, etc. and was called Vitamin B. It was later discovered that B-vitamins are chemically diverse vitamins that are usually present in the same foods (usually, whole unprocessed foods). Thus, a supplement that contains all the eight B-vitamins is referred to as B-vitamin complex. B-vitamins are essential in supporting and increasing metabolic rate, maintaining healthy muscle tone and skin, enhancing immunity and functions of the nervous system, promoting cell growth and cell division, and reducing the risk of having pancreatic cancer.

B-Vitamin complex forte contains the most important components of the B vitamin group as well as Vitamin C and Zink. The B vitamins are necessary for tissue respiration, for generating energy, and for sustaining mental and emotional health. Continue reading...


B6 Vitamin
Sourse of Vitamin B6Vitamin B6 is a component of the B-vitamin complex group and is soluble in water. The metabolically active form of this vitamin is pyridoxal phosphate or PLP. It is a cofactor in numerous reactions of amino acid metabolism, such as transamination, decarboxylation, and deamination. It is also essential in the process of enzymatic reaction that governs the discharging of glucose from glycogen. PLP is also involved in a lot of phases of neurotransmitter synthesis, macronutrient metabolism, histamine synthesis, gene expression, and hemoglobin synthesis and function. Vitamin B6 metabolism happens in the liver. It is deemed that intake of vitamin B6 can morning sickness due to pregnancy and alcoholic hangover symptoms. Moreover, it is believed that Vitamin B6 can significantly lessen the risk of colon cancer.

Vitamin B6 helps brain function and the body convert protein to energy.

Vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine, is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the vitamin-B complex group and is also one of the most important and industrious nutrients in the human body. Vitamin B6 is an essential nutrient for a number of reasons. It plays a vital role in many of the chemical reactions that take place in the body, it helps in the formation of heme in red blood cells which carry oxygen around the body and it is essential to metabolize foods into energy. Continue reading...


Benicar
 Fig 1. Blood pressure - the force exerted by the blood against the arteries Benicar (Generic Name: Olmesartan Medoxomi) is an antagonist of Angiotensin II receptor and is prescribed for people suffering from hypertension. It may be used as a first-line medication and may be utilized by itself or with other anti-hypertensive agents. On the other hand, Benicar HCT merges hydrochlorothiazide or HCTZ with Benicar. HCTZ is a thiazide diuretic. The combination in Benicar HCT provides much greater reduction in blood pressure. The combination of the two drugs is shown to have a complementary effect in decreasing the blood pressure. Side effects of Benicar may include dizziness while contraindications include pregnancy and Biliary obstruction. BENICAR AND BENICAR HCT MUST NOT BE USED DURING PREGNANCY. IT CAN CAUSE INJURY AND DEATH TO THE GROWING FETUS.

Hypertension

Blood pressure is defined as the force exerted by the blood against artery walls as it is being pumped by the heart (National Institute of Health). It is measured through two values – the systolic blood pressure and the diastolic blood pressure, which represents the force on the arteries as the heart contracts and relaxes to pump out blood. Continue reading...


Boniva
Fig1. Growing old is a part of life
B0NIVA AND OSTEOPOROSIS
Boniva (Generic Name: Ibandronic Acid or Ibandronate Sodium) is a drug that is used for preventing and treating oseteoporosis, an illness that weakens the bones and makes it fragile, in post-menopausal women who have high risks of having bone fractures. It is a potent biphosphonate which may also be used for the treatment of hypercalcemia, a condition wherein levels of calcium in the blood is elevated. Biphosphonate inhibits the action of osteoclasts which are cells in the body that break down bone tissue. This results in less bone loss. Studies show that this drug can significantly reduce the risk for developing spine fractures. However, its efficacy in decreasing the risk for developing neck and femur fractures has not yet been established. Aging is part of the cycle of life. Each and every one of us will one day have to grow old. There are several changes that come with aging, like physical weakening, decreased memory and mental cognition, and increased susceptibility to diseases. The elderly population is a group that has many medical concerns, one of which is osteoporosis. Continue reading...


Bromocriptine
Bromocriptine (otherwise known as Cycloset and Parlodel) is a dopamine antagonist and also an ergoline derivative which is used for treating hyperprolactinemia, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, pituitary tumors, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, and Parkinson’s disease. This drug may also be used for treating illnesses due to pituitary problems, such as galactorrhea, acromegaly, female infertility, hypogonadism, and amenorrhea. Side effects of taking Bromocriptine may include vomiting, nausea, orthostatic hypotension, headaches,fatigue, worsening of liver problems, dry mouth, leg cramps, vasospasm which may lead to myocardial infarction, psychomotor excitation, hallucination, confusion, pulmonary fibrosis in high dosage, and in rare cases, seizure stroke or mental disorder in post-partum women. Contraindications include uncontrolled hypertension, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, severe cardiovascular conditions, and serious mental disorders. Continue reading...


Burdock root oil
THealthy hairBurdock root (also known as Arctium Lappa or Greater Burdock) oil has been used for centuries as a natural hair care treatment for the traditional prevention of hair loss. This oil helps ease scalp irritation and causes improvement in scalp conditions. These mechanisms of action result in increased hair thickness, enhanced shine, and hair strength. Using this product regularly will help in the restoration and maintenance of healthy scalp and hair. The extract of Burdock root oil is loaded with phytosterols and necessary fatty acids that promote and sustain the normal function of hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Burdock root oil has also been used by herbalists to prevent baldness, to treat skin diseases, to treat symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, and to prevent certain types of cancer.

Burdock root oil (also called Arctium Lappa or Greater Burdock oil) is naturally occurring oil that has been known for many years to have the ability to enhance and revive hair growth and quality. It can be used to ease itching and other irritation of the scalp and it also improves the conditions of the scalp to make it more conducive for hair growth. Continue reading...


Caffeine complex
Beverages containing caffeineKoffein is a naturally occurring derivative which acts as a central nervous system (CMS) stimulat which is temporarily restoring alertness and drowsiness. It is used to manage the fatigue, orthostatic hypotension and in some cases to treat the apnea of premature infants.

Humans consume caffeine in different forms like coffee beans and tea leaves. Apart from the two these products, caffeine is contained in different beverages containing ingredients derived from kola nut. Other common sources that contain caffeine are guarana berries, yerba mate and yaupon holly.

Caffeine Complex

Each tablet of Koffein Complex contains 100mg of taurine, 100mg of caffeine, 0.7 mg of vitamin B1, 0,8 mg of vitamin B6 and 0.5mcg of vitamin B12. You should keep in mind that Koffein is contraindicated in patients who demonstrated hypersensitivity to any of its components. Continue reading...


CalciTrio
This innovative product has a combination of the three important nutrients in one single, easy to assume tablet in the form of CalciTrio, thus providing a convenient and more effective mean to manage bone health and other age related diseases. CalciTrio is a nutrient supplement which combines Calcium, Vitamin K2 and Vitamin D3.


Campto
CamptoIrinotecan (brand name: Camptosar, manuf. by Pfizer; and barand name: Campto, manuf. by Yakult Honsha) is a drug used for the treatment of cancer. Irinotecan prevents DNA from unwinding by inhibition of topoisomerase 1. In chemical terms, it is a semisynthetic analogue of the natural alkaloid camptothecin.

Its main use is in colon cancer, in particular, in combination with other chemotherapy agents. This includes the regimen FOLFIRI, which consists of infusional 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan.

Camptosar’s active ingredient which is irinotecan hydrochloride has proved to be a powerful substance for cancer treatment. Camptosar may be used both alone or in combination with other anticancer medicines. Immediately after the spread of bowel cancer has been diagnosed Camptosar should be prescribed as a part of anticancer therapy. Campostar can be taken alone after cancer relapse. However it is important that a patient takes blood test to rule out the possibility of allergy to any components of the preparation.

Campto, also known as Camptosar is used in the treatment of bowel cancer, when it has already infested other organs and surgery alone cannot assure the desired result. For that reason, medication with anticancer drugs is indicated as alternatives, also known as chemotherapy. Continue reading...


Casodex
CasodexCasodex (bicalutamide) belongs to the class of drugs called nonsteroidal antiandrogens. Nonsteroidal antiandrogens are employed to cure prostate cancer. Casodex counteracts the effect of the male hormones (androgens) such as testosterone in the body. Mechanism of action of the medicine is to reduce the quantity of testosterone produced in the body. Prostate cancer can only develop in the presence of testosterone. The tumour will resolve if prostate cancer cells starve of the hormone. A combination of Casodex together with other measures of treating is an effective means of prostate cancer management.

Casodex is a form of non-steroidal anti-androgen and its generic name is bicalutamide. Generally, non-steroidal anti-androgens are used in medical sciences to cure prostate cancer. The main function of the medicinal drug is to reduce the level of Testosterone in body because prostate cancer develops only in the presence of testosterone. Casodex is used with other drugs to treat prostate cancer. Continue reading...


Cavinton
multiple sclerosisCavinton is a medicine with an extremely wide spectrum of action. It dilates blood vessels of the brain, increases blood flow, improves the supply of oxygen to the brain and contributes to glucose utilization. The medicine is used to treat neurological and psychiatric disorders associated with problems of cerebral circulation caused by a stroke, trauma or arteriosclerosis progression. Cavinton is prescribed to individuals with memory disorders and speech impairment as a result of a stroke. It is an effective drug to combat headache, dizziness and hypertension (persistent high blood pressure). Moreover chronic vascular diseases of the eye such as the defeat of the choroid and retina are successfully managed with Cavinton. However severe ischemic heart disease and arrhythmia suffers should avoid Cavinton.
Cavinton is a medicine known for treating numerous health problems and have a wide field of action. Cavinton drug is widely used for the treatment of preventive anti-stroke condition. It has proven effective in dilating blood vessels of the brain, enhancing blood flow and augmenting the supply of oxygen to the brain. It also helps in the utilization of glucose. Cavinton even helps in preventing and slowing the development of arteriosclerosis in the brain and is administered for the treatment of vertigo. Continue reading...


Centrophenoxine
antiagingCentrophenoxine is chemically different from the typical nootropics, but on the basis of pharmacological properties and therapeutic effects, is ranked in this group. It was discovered in 1959 in France and since then it proved to be an effective drug applied for prevention as well as treatment of brain disorders in both young and old people. The drug acts as an inhibitor of free radicals. It improves cognitive function, has a mild stimulating effect on the CNS, activates metabolism, and improves synaptic transmission in the hypothalamus and other brain regions. Increases the content of acetylcholine in the synaptic terminals and increases the density of cholinergic receptors. The drug has an expressing anti-aging effect. It is reported that the application of Centrophenoxine has a positive effect on treatment of a wide range of brain-related disorders including Alzheimer disease and senile dementia. It’s not recommended to patients with paranoid and hallucinatory symptoms as it might cause worsening of delusional and hallucinatory phenomena and provoke occurrence of fear and anxiety.

Centrophenoxine is said to be an effective drug for the treatment concerning brain related disorders in people of different age groups. The drug, as per the studies, improves the thought process as it has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system that improves human metabolism. Consumption of Centrophenoxine assists in improving the synaptic transmission in brain regions especially hypothalamus. Moreover, other than this, it helps in improving acetylcholine content in synaptic terminals and augments the density of cholinergic receptors. The brain related disorders in which Centrophenoxine is used include problems like Alzheimer disease and senile dementia, other than these Centrophenoxine has an expressing anti-aging effect. Continue reading...


Cialis
Cialis (tadalafil) is a PDE5 inhibitor marketed in pill form for treating erectile dysfunction (ED) under the name Cialis, and under the name Adcirca for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. In October 2011 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Cialis for treatment the signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) as well as a combination of BPH and erectile dysfunction (ED) when the conditions coincide. It initially was developed by the biotechnology company ICOS, and then again developed and marketed world-wide by Lilly ICOS, LLC, the joint venture of ICOS Corporation and Eli Lilly and Company.


Ciprobay
Ciprofloxacin is marketed worldwide with over three hundred different brand names. In the United States, Canada and the UK, it is marketed as Ciloxan, Cipro, Cipro XR, Cipro XL Ciproxin and, most recently, Proquin. In Mexico it is available over the counter and marketed under the names Ciproflox or Ciprofloxacino. In Ecuador it is available and marketed under the name Cidrax.


Climagest
Premenstrual SyndromeClimagest (Estradiol Valerate and Norethisterone). Climagest is a hormonal replacement therapy drug approved for the treatment of menopausal and premenopausal syndromes. It is a combination drug which contains Estradiol Valerate (C18H24O2) and Norethisterone (C20H26O2).


Clomid
Family - everyone dreams of having a familyClomid (Clomifene, Clomiphene, Serophene, Milophene) refers to a group of medicines called anti-estrogens. Drugs in this group specifically bind to estrogen receptors in the hypothalamus and the ovaries. In small doses, the drug enhances the secretion of gonadotropins and stimulates ovulation. At a low content of endogenous estrogens in the body, these drug has a mild estrogenic effect, but at high levels of estrogen, it has an antiestrogenic effect. In large doses this drug can inhibit the secretion of gonadotropins. In connection with abovementioned properties in appropriate doses Clomid is used as a means of stimulating ovulation in anovulatory ovarian dysfunction and associated with it infertility in women. It is also applied for treatment of breast cancer. Due to the fact that Clomid is able of stimulation of gonadotropin secretion the drug is also used for treatment of androgen deficiency, oligospermia in men and delay of sexual and physical development of adolescent males.


Clotrimazole, Bifonazole
Clotrimazole suitable for all body partsClotrimazole (Bifonazole, Betamethasone) is an antifungal agent for topical use. It has a broad spectrum of action is applied for treatment of the majority of fungal pathogens of human diseases, including yeast fungi (genus Candida). Additionally has antibacterial effect. Clotrimazole is effective for treatment of a wide range of skin infections including infections of the mucous membranes caused by yeast fungi. The diseases that Clotrimazole is affectively applied to include fungal skin (feet) disease, pityriasis versicolor, erythrasma superficial candidiasis, caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, molds and other fungi and pathogens that are sensitive to Clotrimazole; mycoses complicated by secondary pyoderma. The drug’s contraindications include pregnancy (the first trimester) and individual intolerance of Clotrimazole. Clotrimazole, which is also known as Bifonazole and betamethasone, is an antifungal agent used majorly for the treatment of major fungal pathogens such as yeast fungi that are responsible for human diseases. In addition to that, it has antibacterial effect that makes it appropriate for the treatment of different skin infections like that of mucous membranes that are majorly caused by yeast fungi. Here are certain diseases for which Clotrimazole is used for treatment:
• Pityriasis versicolor
• Fungal skin diseases
• Mycoses complicated by secondary pyoderma
• Erythrasma superficial candidiasis –caused by dermatophytes, moulds, yeasts and other fungi pathogens. Continue reading...


Coaxil
antidepressantsCoaxil (tianeptine), known also as Stablon is an antidepressant from a group of tricyclic derivatives. It accelerates uptake of serotonin by neurons in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. According to the influence of the drug on mood disorders Coaxil occupies in the intermediate position between sedative and stimulant antidepressants. Taking of Coaxil results in decrease of somatic symptoms (such as pain in the epigastric region, nausea, dizziness, headache, palpitations, hot flashes, muscle aches). Coaxil normalizes the behavior and has positive impact on the behavior of the patients with chronic alcoholism during abstinence. The drug has no negative influence on memory, sleep and ability to concentrate. It also has no anticholinergic effects and is not addictive. Derived from various reasons, depression causes a wide range of symptoms that may leave many undesirable consequences. Continue reading...


Coenzyme Q10
TextCoEnzyme Q10 is a substance boosting production of cellular energy and providing additional support for the cardiovascular system. The drug is increasingly popular for the maintenance of physical activeness during intensive training as well as for general use. In some experiments coenzyme Q10 has shown the ability to prolong life and to prevent as well as treat many diseases, including Heart Disease, Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), High Blood Pressure, High Cholesterol, Diabetes, Heart Damage caused by Chemotherapy, Breast Cancer, Periodontal (gum) Disease. CoEnzyme Q10 is necessary for all healthy individuals after 30 years for stimulation and maintenance of the organism, increase of energy and vitality, prevention of premature aging and depression of the immune system.
* Each capsule contains: 50 mg CoQ10, 10 mg Quercetine, 50 mkg Selenium, 10 mg vit E, 60 mg vit C, 2 mg Beta-carotene.
See also: General premature aging.


Combivir
The active ingredients of Combivir are lamivudine and zidovudine. Both these belong in non-the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) class of antiretroviral drugs.

The two ingredients have been shown to act synergistically against HIV.

HIV is a retrovirus: it holds all its genetic information in the form of RNA. When it infects a host cell, the RNA gets copied into DNA by an enzyme called reverse transcriptase. In the form of DNA, the viral genetic code can integrate itself into its host’s own DNA. Then, as the host’s DNA is copied into RNA and then proteins are produced according to the code, the viral DNA gets copied along, and produces its own proteins. The viral proteins together with viral RNA then join to make up more viruses. Lamivudine and zidovudine both work by inhibiting the action of reverse transcriptase, thus inhibiting the propagation of HIV.

Coadministration of lamivudine and zidovudine was shown to decrease the levels of HIV RNA in the body, and to increase the levels of CD4+ cells (cells of our immune system and one of the main targets of HIV – their levels normally decrease after an HIV infection).


Competact
Adimet Competact (Actoplus Met) approved in 2005. It’s a combination therapy with two active components, pioglitazone (a thiazolidinedione) and metformin (a biguanides). Both drugs are classified as insulin sensitizers. It is the first and only fixed-dose combination approved with the extended release form of metformin. It is used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus,

Prior to approval, this drug did not have any efficacy studies. But its separate components, metformin and pioglitazone, have long been established for its safety and efficacy. The separate approvals of the two drugs were used as the combination drug’s basis for approval. Concerns regarding the combination drug were addressed with two clinical studies proving that co administration of the two tablets (Glucophage and Actos) is safe and effective. A study made by Seufert (2006) has found that the two separate drugs is bioequivalent with a single Competact.


Comtan
Entacapone, known as Comtan, is an inhibitor of of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), used to treat the idiopathic Parkinson disease as an adjunct to other therapies. It works by blocking the COMT enzyme which breaks down the levodopa in the body this effect allows levodopa to last longer in the body and the effect lasts until the next dosage. This medication should be taken by mouth usually in combination with the prescribed dose of levodopa or cardiopa and up to 8 times a day. Your doctor will prescribe you this medication based on your general medical condition, response to therapy and liver function.


Coverex
hypertensionCoverex is an ACE inhibitor. Angiotensin II is very potent chemical that causes the muscles surrounding the blood vessels to contract and so doing it narrows the blood vessels. Consequently, when blood vessels get narrowed, it increases your blood pressure and turns down to Hypertension. Angiotensin II is formed from angiotensin I in the blood by the enzyme, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). ACE inhibitors are medications that slow (inhibit) the activity of the enzyme, which decreases the production of angiotensin II. As a result, when blood vessels enlarge or dilate, the blood pressure is reduced. At this stage, it makes easier for the heart to pump blood normally and in contrast it prevents from heart failure diseases. Thus, the rampant and raging of kidney disease due to high blood pressure or diabetes is slowed and getting prevented.

Coverex (Perindopril erbumine) and hypertension

In recent time, World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed that high blood pressure (Hypertension) and Diabetes appeared to be two of the most dangerous disease, especially to elders and individuals who have kidney problems. Global statistic records that 72 million - or one in three adults - have high blood pressure. Prevalence rates are steadily rising, from a rate of 25%, or 50 million adults, between 1988 and 1994 to 29%, or 65 million people by 2002 (U.S. Government data); Continue reading...


Coversyl
Sustained elevation of systolic and diastolic blood pressure
Coversyl is an ACE inhibitor. Angiotensin II is very potent chemical that causes the muscles surrounding the blood vessels to contract and so doing it narrows the blood vessels. Consequently, when blood vessels get narrowed, it increases your blood pressure and turns down to Hypertension. Angiotensin II is formed from angiotensin I in the blood by the enzyme, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). ACE inhibitors are medications that slow (inhibit) the activity of the enzyme, which decreases the production of angiotensin II. As a result, when blood vessels enlarge or dilate, the blood pressure is reduced. At this stage, it makes easier for the heart to pump blood normally and in contrast it prevents from heart failure diseases. Thus, the rampant and raging of kidney disease due to high blood pressure or diabetes is slowed and getting prevented.


Cozaar
high blood pressure measurementsCozaar is used to treat high blood pressure and it is effective when it is used alone or in combination with other high blood pressure medications, such as diuretics that help the body get rid of water. It is also used to slow the progress of kidney disease caused by type 2 diabetes, which do not require insulin shots.

Cozaar is a medicinal drug that is used for the treatment of high blood pressure. Cozaar is said to be more beneficial when used with other high blood pressure medication or simply used alone, for example Cozaar is used with diuretics in order to reduce the level of water in the human body. In general, the purpose of Cozaar is slow down the development of kidney problems that is caused due to type two diabetes, which is the form of diabetes that do not require insulin doses.

As mentioned above Cozaar is utilized for the treatment of high blood pressure. It is the first of a kind medicine from the class of drugs known as angiotensin II receptor antagonists that are generally the class of blood pressure medications. Cozaar works by preventing the process of hormone angiotensin II from blocking the blood vessels thereby reducing blood pressure. Continue reading...


Crestor
TextCrestor (rosuvastatin) is a member of the drug class of statins, used to low down high cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease. Pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca markets this drug under the brand name Crestor.

Crestor, which is also known by the name of Rosuvastatin, belongs to the drug class of statins that is used to treat severe cardiovascular conditions like high cholesterol. This medicinal drug was developed by Shionogi and is marketed by Pharmaceutical Company by the name of AstraZeneca as Crestor.

The generic name of Crestor is Crestor Rosuvastatin and it is sold under the brand name of Rosuvastatin generic. In US, Rosuvastatin is known by the name of Crestor and is available in the form of tablets of 10 and 20 mg for oral consumption. Rosuvastatin is similar to other statins in functioning that is, it inhibits the enzyme HMG-Coa reductase. Its time taken to peak the plasma concentration is from three to five hours with respect to oral administration. Continue reading...


Cycloastragenol (TA-65 active substance)
Cycloastragenol (main ingredient in TA-65) is a clinically-proven telomerase activator, naturally-occurring single molecule extracted from the root of an herb. TA-65 adds back base pairs of telomeric DNA that have been lost in the aging process. This lengthening of telomeres protects chromosomes from damage, essentially protecting the cells where telomerase is activated from age-related decline.
What is TA-65? And why use such a code name? From Geron's patent document, it is clear that that cycloastragenol and Astragaloside IV are proved to be effective in lengthening the telomere. The question is: why Geron did not disclose what is the most effective ingredient in TA-65? The thoughtful and knowledgeable guess is that the magic ingredient is a natural molecule which can not be patented. Many reference and discussions also prove that the active ingredient of TA-65 is cycloastragenol at 98% purity. TA-65's dosage varies from 1 to 4 capsules daily. Telomerase activation Sciences,Inc. (T.A. Sciences) is the only company to dedicate its researchand development exclusively to telomeraseactivation. T.A. Sciences was founded by Noel Thomas Patton in 2002 with the express purpose of prolonging the human healthspan by extending telomeres. TA-65 provides a unique solution to the problem of shortening telomeres as the only telomerase activating product that is scientifically proven to lengthen short telomeres and rejuvenate aging cells.


Cymbalta
Duloxetine (Cymbalta, and generics) is a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) manufactured and marketed by Eli Lilly. It is prescribed for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Duloxetine also has approval for use in osteoarthiritis and musculoskeletal pain. It can also relieve the symptoms of painful peripheral neuropathy, particularly diabetic neuropathy,[1][2] and it is used to control the symptoms of fibromyalgia.


D3 Vitamin
Benefits of Vitamin D3
Vitamin D3 promotes calcium's absorption and functions for teen's and children's healthy teeth and bones, prevents loss of bone mass, and treats bone disorders. It protects against adult and elderly muscle weakness and immune system issues, and lowers the risk of colon, breast, and prostate cancers. Rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis is improved with vitamin D3. Vitamin D3 prevents/treats rickets, post menopausal osteoporosis. The vitamin also treats hypoglycemia, Multiple Sclerosis and the development of Type 1 diabetes.
Benefits of vitamin D3 in the elderly and fractures are still under investigation. An analysis, reported in August 2007 by the University of Ottawa Evidence-based Practice Center, showed higher doses of vitamin D3 of between 700-800 IU's per day combined with calcium help prevent hip fractures for institutionalized elderly. The study did not include elderly living independently in the community.


Depakote
An extended-release form of this drug, Depakote ER, is prescribed to prevent migraine headaches. The delayed-release tablets are also used for this purpose. Depakote, in both delayed-release tablet and capsule form, is used to treat certain types of seizures and convulsions. It may be prescribed alone or with other epilepsy medications. The delayed-release tablets are also used to control the manic episodes--periods of abnormally high spirits and energy--that occur in bipolar disorder (manic depression). Depakote is a prescription drug approved by the U.S. Food and Drugs Administration (US FDA) for the treatment of epileptic seizures, manic episodes of bipolar disorder (mania), and as prophylactic agent for chronic migraine. Depakote is a delayed release tablet, as opposed to its predecessor Depakene (Valproic acid) which is an immediate release tablet. Depakote is the only anti-epileptic drug approved for two non-epileptic conditions. Let us discuss each condition and relate the use of Depakote.


Seizures & Epilepsies Seizure is a disease symptom characterized by abnormal firing of neuronal impulses from the nervous system. Seizure is manifested in different forms such as altered mental state, momentary loss of senses, uncontrollable movements or even loss of consciousness. Seizure is caused by a disruption in the normal physiological state of a neuron caused by infection, stress, injury, intoxication, or an underlying disease. Continue reading...


Depo-Medrol
rheumatoid arthritisMethylprednisolone, known as Depo-Medrol, is a synthetic glucocorticoid drug which is sold in the USA and Canada under the brand names Phocenta, Medrol, Solu-Medrol or Cadista. It is typically used for its anti-inflammatory effects, like most adrenocortical steroids, but it can change the metabolism and the immune responses. The list of medical conditions for which methlyprednisolone is prescribed is rather long, and is similar to other corticosteroids such as prednisolone. Common uses include arthritis therapy and short-term treatment of bronchial inflammation or acute bronchitis due to various respiratory diseases. It is used both in the treatment of acute periods and long-term management of autoimmune diseases, most notably Systemic lupus erythematosus. Depo-Medrol, also known by the name of methylprednisolone is basically a synthetic glucocortocoid drug. In countries like Canada and USA, it is sold under the brand names like Phocenta, Medrol, Cadista and Solu-Medrol. It falls under the category of adrenocortical steroids that are used for their anti-inflammatory effects and there are numerous purposes for which methylprednisolone are used. However, glucocorticoids are used for other purposes related to metabolism and immune responses. Some of the common problems for which it is used include short-term treatment for bronchial inflammation and arthritis therapy. It can be used for both long-term and short-term treatment of autoimmune diseases, especially lupus erythematosus. Continue reading...


Deprenyl
Parkinson’s diseaseDeprenyl, deprenyl selegiline, first intended as an antidepress­ant, is commonly used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, and also as a life-extension drug. It is also being applied in the treatment of a range of other conditions. It enhances and protects mental function, and helps in retaining libido and a positive mood. Thus, particularly in its life-extension role, not just the length of life is increased, but also the quality of life. Deprenyl, which is also known by the name of Deprenyl Selegiline, is an antidepressant that is widely used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. The main function of Deprenyl is to assist in the protection and development of mental functions thereby assist in maintain a good mood by retaining the libido. It is said to increase the quality of life also along with the length of life, which is why it is also known as life extension drug. Deprenyl is said to be a modification of phenyl ethylamine, also known as PEA. PEA belongs to the same family to which neurotransmitters dopamine and noradrenalin belongs. Deprenyl is available in different forms like Ldeprenyl, better known as Selegiline, and deprenyl citrate. Continue reading...


Diabenol
DiabetesDiabenole (glibenclamide), also known as Glyburide (USAN) or Glucobene, is an anti-diabetic drug in a class of medications known as sulfonylureas. It is sold in doses of 1.25 mg, 1.75 mg, 2.5 mg, 3.5 mg and 5 mg, under the trade names Diabeta, Glynase and Micronase in the USA and Daonil, Semi-Daonil and Euglucon in the UK, Diabenol and Glucobene in other countries. It is also sold in combination with metformin under the trade name Glucovance. Diabenole (generic name: glibenclamide, which is otherwise known as Glucobene and Glyburide) is a drug mainly used for the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, a disease condition wherein insulin is not used by the body normally and thus cannot be in charge of the amount of sugar present in the bloodstream, especially for individuals whose diabetes cannot be managed only through their diet. Glibenclamide belongs to a drug classification termed Sulfonylureas. By causing the pancreas to release insulin and helping the body use the released insulin effectively, this drug is able to decrease blood sugar. However, it is necessary for the pancreas to produce insulin first before this medication can function. Thus, it is not used for the treatment of Type 1 diabetes wherein the pancreas cannot produce insulin. Continue reading...


Diflucan
urinary and vaginal infectionsDiflucan (generic name: fluconazole) is an antifungal drug used to treat the fungal infections like yeast infections of the vagina, throat, esophagus, lungs, mouth and other organs. It is also used to treat the meningitis caused by fungus. Diflucan (fluconazole) is also used to prevent the yeast infections in patients who are undergoing the treatment with the chemotherapy and radiotherapy before a bone marrow transplant as there is risk of yeast infections during this treatment. Diflucan (fluconazole) is used to prevent both the systemic as well as the superficial fungal infections. b>Mechanism of action Diflucan (fluconazole) inhibits the fungal cytochrome P450 enzyme 14α-demethylase. The demethylase enzyme which is present in the human body is less sensitive to the Diflucan (fluconazole) thus Diflucan (fluconazole) only inhibits the demethylase enzyme found in the fungus. The inhibition of fungal demethylase by Diflucan (fluconazole) ultimately leads to the inhibition of ergosterol synthesis from the lanosterol. As there is no ergosterol synthesis thus the fungal cytoplasmic membrane becomes weaken and the cellular permeability of fungus is increased and thus leakage of cellular components occurs which leads to the death of the fungus. (Borgers., et al 1980). Continue reading...


Doxycycline
Doxycyline antibioticDoxycyline is an antibiotic which fights bacteria in the body and it is used to treat many bacterial infections, such as acne, chalmydia, gum disease, urinary tract infections and many others. The alcohol intake can stimulate the liver to metabolise doxycycline, so alcoholics may have reduced blood-levels of this antibiotic. Alcohol is not usually affecting the people who drink moderately and it can sometimes have positive effect in this case. In people who drink heavily the total intake of doxycyxline and the separate dosages should be increased. Furthermore, you should not take doxycycline if you are pregnant because it can affect the unborn baby or cause him a permanent tooth discolouration later in life. Doxycycline is a man made semi-synthetic drug which belongs to the classification of tetracyclines in antibiotics. It is usually used for the treatment of many different types of bacterial infections that affect different part of the body. It is effective against a large variety of bacteria which include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Hemophilus influenzae, Chlamydia psittaci, Neisseria gonorrhoea, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and many more. Doxycycline is also used as an aid in controlling acne. This drug may have other functions which may be determined by a physician. However, this medication does not work for flu, colds, and other types of viral infections. Side effects of taking this drug may include loss of effectiveness of oral contraceptives, nausea, upset stomach, and fatigue. Continue reading...


E vitamin
Vitamin E has lots of several functions, such as protecting cell membranes, protecting your skin from ultraviolet light, allowing cells to communicate effectively, preventing cell damage from free radicals and it also helps protect against prostate cancer and the Alzheimer disease. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant which stops the production of reactive oxygen species which are formed when fat undergoes oxidant. Vitamin E has some side effects, such as: swelling of the face, lips or tongue, allergic reactions such as skin rash, dizziness, headache, stomach pains, unusual bleeding, changes in vision, nausea or vomiting.


Echinacea/ Vit. C 1000/ Zinc
Echinacea
Echinacea is an herb found in region of North America. It contains several chemicals which include polysaccharides, glycoproteins, alkamides, volatile oils and flavonoids. The combination of these fluids is responsible for its beneficial effect. It is still under debate that whether Echinacea helps to prevent cold or not. While some of the studies have shown that this drug can prove helpful in getting relief from cold. Each of 20 effervescent tablets contains Echinacea extract 150 mg, 1000 mg vitamin C and 15 mg Zinc. All these ingredients are immuno stimulators. The dosage for this drug is calculated on the basis of weight of an individual. Immuno stimulators refer to medications that are used to treat cancer or to suppress the immune system in the case of organ transplant so that the new organ is not rejected.


Effexor
Effexor is basically used for the treatment of major depressive disorder, anxiety and panic disorder. It works by affecting the chemicals in the brain that may become unbalance causing depression. It is recommended not to take this medication if you are allergic to venlafaxine. Effexor may be harmful to unborn baby. Do not take this medication more than prescribed by doctor. It blocks the reuptake of serotonin, noradrenalins and to some extent dopamine. When administered in higher doses it affects serotogernic, doperminergic neurotransmission, due to the combination of the effects on the reuptake mechanism the antidepressant effect of the drug is achieved.


Eldepryl
Eldepryl, generic name selegiline (known in Europe under brand name Jumex) protects against aging of the brain and enhances mental function. A powerful remedy against Parkinson's disease, Eldepryl is effective also as an antidepressant and as a protector against Alzheimer's disease. Professor Knoll, who developed Selegiline is convinced of its anti-aging effect and recommends for this a dose 5 mg per week (in two doses of 2.5 mg each).


Eulexin
Eulexin (flutamide is active ingredient) is an antiandrogen used in the treatment of prostate cancer in combination with other drugs such as Lupron. It works in the body by preventing the actions of androgens which are male hormones. Eulexin has replaced bicalutamide drug because it has less side effects and it is also known as Flutamin. Furthermore, this medication is not recommended for women. There are no reports indicating restriction on foods, beverages or activities while taking Eulexin, excepting alcohol which can worsen its side effects. Generally you should take this drug three times a day, but you have to take it exactly how your doctor prescribed it to you.


Evista
Estrogenes are main female hormones, which level is decreasing after the menopause or ovary removal. They also regulate bone turnover, and its decrease leads to osteoporosis; a condition leading to a decrease in bone density and weakened bones. Evista (raloxifene) slows this weakening, by decreasing bone turnover and increasing bone density. This leads to a decreased risk of fractures. EVISTA is currently the only approved medicine proven to reduce the risk of spinal fractures due to osteoporosis and the risk of invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women suffering with osteoporosis.


Exelon
Exelon also known as rivastigmine tartrate is basically using for the treatment of mild to moderate dementia of Alzheimer’s type usually associated with Parkinson’s disease. The dementia of Parkinson’s disease is characterized by effecting memory retrieval and attention in patients with diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease and it works by preventing the breakdown of the acetylcholine chemical. People suffering from dementia have lower levels of this chemical which is important for the process of memory, thinking and reasoning. The use of Exelon is associated with significant a gastrointestinal adverse reaction which includes vomiting, anorexia weight loss and nausea. For this reason it is important that the usual dose should be started with 1.5 mg of BID and titrated to their maintenance dose.


Fareston
Fareston (generic name toremifene) is used to slow down the growth of metastatic breast cancer which has spread from the original tumour. It works by blocking estrogen from reaching cancer cells. Some types of breast cancer require estrogen to grow. Unlike chemotherapy, fareston does not actually destroy cancer cells. Fareston is also preventing the development of prostate cancer. The recommended dosage of fareston is 60 mg once a day or as prescribed by doctor. Fareston was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in October 1995.


Fat Burner
LIPOTROPIC FAT BURNER TABLETS contain the following ingredients per tablet:
L-Carnitine 10 mg
Choline Bitartrate 150 mg
Inositol 150 mg
Betaine 150 mg
Methionine 150 mg
Chromium Picolinate 50 mcg

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Femara
Femara (generic name letrozole) is a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor that has been used for the adjuvant treatment of hormonally-responsive breast cancer. It works by reducing the total amount of estrogen produced primarily in the body which helps to starve cancer cells by depriving them of estrogen. The related agent to femara is anastrazole. It has also been used to treat endometriosis. Femara pcos has been use off label for ovarian stimulation by fertility doctors. The recommended dosage of femara is 2.5 mg tablet a day or as prescribed by doctor. Generally it is taken with or without food. Brand-name Femara is manufactured by Novartis Pharmaceuticals. However, the medication is also available in generic form.


Fish oil
The major active ingredients of fish oil are two essential polyunsaturated so-called omega-3 fatty acids: EPA (eicosapentaenic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenic acid), which cannot be produced by the human organism. Alpha-linolenic acid can be converted to EPA and DHA in the body, but the conversion is quite inefficient especially in older people. The administration of these polyunsaturated fatty acids as treatment courses lowers blood lipid and cholesterol levels, improves the rheological properties of the blood and exerts a favorable effect on blood coagulation process.

Fish oils (EPA and DHA) play a crucial role in the prevention of atherosclerosis, heart attack, depression, and cancer.

Recognizing the unique benefits of EPA and DHA and the serious consequences of a deficiency the US National Institutes of Health recently published Recommended Daily Intakes of fatty acids. They recommend a total daily intake of 650 mg of EPA and DHA, 2.22 g/day of alpha-linolenic acid and 4.44 g/day of linoleic acid. Saturated fat intake should not exceed 8 per cent of total calorie intake or about 18 g/day.
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Flomax
Flomax belongs to a group of alpha adrenergic blockers and is used for the treatment of symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. The recommended dosage is 0.4 mg per day. Flomax works by relaxing the muscles of prostate and bladder neck there by making it easier to urinate, because in men urethra, the tube which carries urine from the bladder to the penis travels through the prostate gland. When men get older, the prostate gland enlarges and the muscle cells within the prostate gland and the neck of the bladder, which control the flow of urine, tighten. It is recommended not to use this medication if allergic to tamsulosin.


Fluconazole
FluconazoleFluconazole is used to prevent both the systemic as well as the superficial fungal infections. It is commonly marketed under the brand name Trican or Diflucan.

Mechanism of action

Like other imidazole- and triazole-class antifungals, fluconazole inhibits the fungal cytochrome P450 enzyme 14¦?-demethylase. Mammalian demethylase activity is much less sensitive to fluconazole than fungal demethylase. This inhibition prevents the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol, an essential component of the fungal cytoplasmic membrane, and subsequent accumulation of 14¦?-methyl sterols. Fluconazole is primarily fungistatic, however may be fungicidal against certain organisms in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, when fluconazole was in development at Pfizer it was decided early in the process to avoid producing any chiral centers in the drug so that subsequent synthesis and purification did not encounter difficulties with enantiomer separation and associated variations in biological effect. A number of related compounds were found to be extremely potent teratogens and subsequently discarded. Continue reading...


Folic Acid
Folate is an essential vitamin that is also known as folic acid and folacin. The synthetic form of the vitamin (folic acid), pteroylglutamic acid, is seldom found naturally in food.
Vitamin B9 (folic acid and folate inclusive) is essential to numerous bodily functions. The human body needs folate to synthesize DNA, repair DNA, and methylate DNA as well as to act as a cofactor in biological reactions involving folate. The folates found in nature contain the core chemical structure of pteroylglutamic acid but vary in their state of reduction, the single carbon moiety they bear and/or the length of the glutamate chain attached. At least 50% of whole body folate is stored in the liver. The metabolic role of folate is as an acceptor and donor of one-carbon units in a variety of reactions involved in amino acid and nucleotide metabolism. The carbon can be carried as a methyl, methylene, formyl, formimino or methenyl group. The coenzyme form of the vitamin is typically fully reduced and poly-glutamylated. In the adult, folate is absorbed primarily in the proximal one-third of the small intestine. It is also conceivable that a portion of the large depot of bacterially synthesized folate in the large intestine may be absorbed. A large portion of folate delivered to the liver is secreted into bile and redistributed to peripheral tissues. Polyglutamylation (addition of glutamic acids) of folate is believed necessary to concentrate and store folates in tissues.


Fosamax
Fosamax basically alters the cycle of bone formation and breakdown in the body. It slows down bone loss while increasing bone mass which helps in preventing bone fractures. It belongs to a group of medicine known as bisphosphonates and it is used in men and women to treat or prevent osteoporosis that is caused by menopause or by taking steroids. Fosamax is also used to increase bone mass in men who have osteoporosis and treat Paget's disease of bone. In case of any surgery, it is necessary to reveal doctor that you are taking fosamax. The medication is only the part of entire exercise which includes diet changes, exercise, taking calcium and vitamin supplements.


Galvus
The universal symbol for diabetesGalvus, sold as tablets, contains the vidagliptin active ingredient which is a DPP-4 inhibitor and it is used to treat people with type II diabetes, whose blood sugar is not sufficiently controlled by other medicines. It works by increasing the amount of glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide which are normally produced naturally by the body in response to food intake. You should not take this drug if you have a type I diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis or decreased liver function, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have severe heart failure.

Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a group of common metabolic disorders characterized by abnormally high sugar/glucose levels in the blood – a state known as hyperglycemia. It is a disease caused by an interaction of genetics and lifestyle (e.g. high intake of sweets). Continue reading...


Gleevec, Glivec
Imatinib, marketed by Novartis as Gleevec (U.S.) or Glivec (Europe/Australia/Latin America), is a competitive tyrosine-kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of multiple cancers, most notably Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Like all tyrosine-kinase inhibitors, imatinib works by preventing a central tyrosine kinase enzyme, in this case BCR-Abl, from phosphorylating subsequent proteins and initiating the signaling cascade necessary for cancer development, thus preventing the growth of cancer cells and leading to their death by apoptosis. Because the BCR-Abl tyrosine kinase enzyme exists only in cancer cells and not in healthy cells, imatinib works as a form of targeted therapy—only cancer cells are killed through the drug's action.In this regard, imatinib was one of the first cancer therapies to show the potential for such targeted action, and is often cited as a paradigm for research in cancer therapeutics.


Glucobay
Precose is an oral medication used to treat the noninsulin-dependent diabetes, also known as type II diabetes, when high blood sugar levels cannot be controlled just by diet. It works by slowing the body's digestion of carbohydrates so that blood sugar levels won't surge upward after a meal. Precose can be taken alone or in combination with other diabetes medications such as Diabinese, Micronase, Glucophage or Insulin.

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Glucobene
Glucobene (glibenclamide), also known as glyburide (USAN), is an anti-diabetic drug in a class of medications known as sulfonylureas.
It is sold in doses of 1.25 mg, 1.75 mg, 2.5 mg, 3.5 mg and 5 mg, under the trade names Diabeta, Glynase and Micronase in the United States and Daonil, Semi-Daonil and Euglucon in the United Kingdom, Diabenol and Glucobene in other countries.

It is also sold in combination with metformin under the trade name Glucovance.


Gluconorm
Repaglinide is an antidiabetic drug in the class of medications known as meglitinides, and was invented in 1983. It is sold by Novo Nordisk under the name of Prandin in the U.S., GlucoNorm in Canada, Surepost in Japan,Repaglinide in Egypt by EIPICO, and NovoNorm elsewhere.


Glucophage, Glucophage XR
type 2 diabetesConsidered as the first drug of choice in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and classed in the biguanide type of medication Glucophage( Metformin) is an oral anti-diabetic drug use mostly for overweight and obese people and those with normal kidney function. Glucophage SR (slow release) or XR (extended release) was introduced in 2004, in 500 mg and 750 mg strengths, mainly to counteract the most common gastrointestinal side effects, as well as to increase patient compliance by reducing pill burden.

Used also as a treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome its efficacy on gestational diabetes has also been noted although safety concerns still hinder its widespread use in this setting. It’s also known as Glyburide (USAN) and has been investigated for other diseases where insulin resistance may be an important factor.


Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen, initially launched as Brufen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is now widely opened into the market under various trademarks, Nurofen, Advil and Mortin. Now invalid nomenclature, Ibuprofen was an iso-butyl-propanoic-phenolic acid. It is applied as an aid for arthritis, primary dysmenorrhoea and common fever. With the presence of an inflammatory element, this drug also acts as a painkiller. Ibuprofen also has proven to have an antiplatelet effect. But when contrasted with that of aspirin and other popular antiplatelet medicines, it is comparatively mild and short-termed. Measured as one of the core drugs in the "Essential Drugs List" of the World Health Organization, Ibuprofen plays a vital part of the minimum medical needs for a basic health care system.


Imatinib
Imatinib (originally STI571) is a drug used to treat certain types of cancer. Imatinib mesilate (INN) is used in treating chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and some other diseases. By 2011, Gleevec has been FDA approved to treat ten different cancers. NATCO an Indian drug company also makes a generic version of Gleevec called Veenat. In India generic Gleevec is available also available under the name of "Imatib". It is manufacturing & marketing by CIPLA drug company.


Imigran
Imigran (sumatriptan succinate) is a drug belonging to the group of serotonin agonists. This drug is available in a variety of forms: tablets, subcutaneous injection, and nasal spray. Composed of a sulphonamide group, it is prescribed for the treatment of migraine headaches, which is caused due to widening of certain blood vessels in the brain. This drug acts by bringing back these vessels to normal and hence reducing the headache. This drug is not effective to headaches which are not migraine. One major side affect of this drug is drowsiness as reported by some users.


Imunovir
Imunovir, also known as Isoprinosine or Groprinosin has been recommended as an adjuvant treatment for cancer, age-associated immune impairments and AIDS. There have been more than 60 articles published on Isoprinosine and cancer since 1972. Imunovir is an immunostimulator, which besides its immunomodulatory effect also has antiviral properties. It is used in the treatment of acute and chronic viral infections. Imunovir acts on the immune system to restore impaired cell-mediated immune response to its baseline level, in addition to enhancing humoral immune response. The drug also has a direct antiviral activity. Imunovir can reduce the intensity of symptoms and shorten the duration of the viral infection. In addition, the occurrence of complications is reduced and the frequency and severity of recurrences is minimised. Imunovir has been found to have an immunoenhancing effect in old persons. Imunovir also available in SYRUP form.

Imunovir can also be administered for immunorestoration after chemotherapy, surgery or radiation.

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Inulin
Inulin belongs to a class of fiber known as fructans and hence the part of a group of naturally occurring polysaccharides, which are soluble fibres. Because of the nature of its composition it is being widely used in processed foods as replacement to sugar, fat and flour and also in various medicines and usage like measuring the kidney function. The versatile ingredients in inulin increases calcium absorption and magnesium absorption and have many other health benefits. Impact of Inulin in increasing blood sugar is minimal compared to fructose and hence and can be a good component for diabetic food. But Inulin is no without its share of side affects. Usage of this fiber in large quantities has been linked to gas and bloating.


Iodide (KI)
Iodine is an element required in small amounts for healthy grow and development. An adult body contains about 30mg of iodine, concentrated in the thyroid gland. A deficiency of iodine leads to a swelling of the neck due to enlargement of the thyroid gland. Iodine protects the body against radiation, especially ionizing radiation which can be very damaging. Dietary sources of iodine are sea food and iodized table salt. Iodide is required as thyroid gland protector and is also used as an antiseptic.


Iodine Water
Iodine Water is a 100% natural, mineral water, which has proven physiological benefits. The unique composition and extreme high iodine content of Iodine Water means, that only a tiny daily dose (1,5 to 2 ml) is enough to provide the daily recommended human iodine intake, declared by the World Health Organisation.
Iodine Water in addition to iodine contains other micro- and macro elements as well. These elements together have a complex synergic effect promoting higher effectuation. Find potassium iodide pills


The 200 ml size bottles offer appropriate human iodine supply for 3 to 6 months.


Iressa
Iressa is used to treat adults who have non-small cell lung cancer that is locally advanced or metastatic (when cancer cells have spread from the original site to other parts of the body). It is used in patients whose cancer cells have a mutation in the genes that make a protein called epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR).


Isoprinosine
Isoprinosine, also known as Groprinosin or Imunovir has been recommended as an adjuvant treatment for cancer, age-associated immune impairments and AIDS. There have been more than 60 articles published on Isoprinosine and cancer since 1972. Isoprinosine is an immunostimulator, which besides its immunomodulatory effect also has antiviral properties. It is used in the treatment of acute and chronic viral infections. Isoprinosine acts on the immune system to restore impaired cell-mediated immune response to its baseline level, in addition to enhancing humoral immune response. The drug also has a direct antiviral activity. Isoprinosine can reduce the intensity of symptoms and shorten the duration of the viral infection. In addition, the occurrence of complications is reduced and the frequency and severity of recurrences is minimised. Isoprinosine has been found to have an immunoenhancing effect in old persons. Isoprinosine also available in SYRUP form.

Isoprinosine can also be administered for immunorestoration after chemotherapy, surgery or radiation.

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Janumet
TextJanumet tablets, contains sitagliptin and metformin and can be used in combination with diet and exercise in order to lower blood sugar in adults with type II diabetes. It works by helping your pancreases to make and release more insulin, improving the insulin sensitivity and decreasing the excess of sugar that body makes. You should not take this drug if you have a type I diabetes. It is also important to keep a healthy weight because this is very good for your heart and can help you lower the levels of sugar in your blood.

Janumet is a combination drug composed of sitagliptin phosphate, which belongs to the novel class of dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors, and metformin hydrochloride, which belongs to the biguanide drug class. Both drugs are used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The molecular formulas of sitgaliptin phosphate and metformin are C16H15F6N5O•H3O4P•H2O and C4H11N5, respectively.

Janumet is approved for use in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, type 2, when diet and exercise alone do not provide adequate glycemic control. It also used as an adjunct when metformin or sitagliptin alone does not control glucose levels. Continue reading...


Januvia
Januvia (sitagliptin) is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. It works by regulating the levels of insulin your body produces after eating.

Januvia is for people with type 2 diabetes. It is sometimes used in combination with other diabetes medications, but is not for treating type 1 diabetes.


Jumex
DopamineJumex (Selegiline), also known as Deprenyl, Eldepryl works by helping to conserve the amount of dopamine available by preventing the dopamine from being destroyed. While controversial, there is some evidence that this drug may slow the progression of Parkinson's disease, particularly early in the course of the disease. Jumex works by helping to conserve the amount of dopamine available by preventing the dopamine from being destroyed. While controversial, there is some evidence that this drug may slow the progression of Parkinson's disease, particularly early in the course of the disease. This drug is well-tolerated by most people, so many experts recommend using it despite the controversies.
Indications Jumex (also known as Deprenyl, Selegiline, Emsam, Zelapar or Eldepryl) is approved for treatment of Parkinson’s disease in Europe and United States. Furthermore research findings based on animal and human experiments have shown that there is a possibility of Jumex acting as an anti-ager both in delaying the onset of age related deterioration in the functioning of the brain and in the improvement/ maintenance of sexual vigor. Jumex also has the advantage of being potent and highly selective. In fact it is the only clinically available MAO-B inhibitor. Continue reading...


K-2 Vitamin
Heart calcification[edit]
Patients suffering from osteoporosis were shown to have extensive calcium plaques, which impaired blood flow in the arteries. This simultaneous excess of calcium in one part of the body (arteries), and lack in another (bones) – which may occur even in spite of calcium supplementation – is known as the Calcium Paradox. The underlying reason is vitamin K2 deficiency, which leads to significant impairment in biological function of MGP, the most potent inhibitor of vascular calcification presently known. Fortunately, animal research showed that vascular calcification might not only be prevented, but even reversed by increasing the daily intake of vitamin K2.[9] The strongly protective effect of K2 and not vitamin K1 on cardiovascular health was confirmed by, among others, Geleijnse et al. in the Rotterdam Study (2004, see Figure 3) performed on a group of 4,800 subjects.[10] Results of more than 10 years of follow-up were verified, also by Gast et al., who demonstrated that among K vitamins, the long-chain types of K2 (MK-7 through MK-9) are the most important for efficiently preventing excessive calcium accumulation in the arteries.[11][12]


Kaletra
Kaletra contains lopinavir and ritonavir as its active ingredients.

Lopinavir is a protease inhibitor. When viral RNA gets transcribed into DNA and DNA gets translated into proteins, the viral proteins produced are joined together, forming a long polypeptide sequence. In order for the different viral proteins to function properly, they must first separate from the long polypeptide sequence. HIV proteases take over the task of breaking the long polypeptide into functional proteins. Of course, this is bad news for us. Lopinavir functions by inhibiting HIV proteases and thus preventing the formation of functional viral proteins.

Lopinavir gets metabolised in the liver almost exclusively by CYP3A, a cytochrome P450 enzyme. This is why ritonavir is also administered with lopinavir; as it is a CYP3A inhibitor, and therefore has the potential to suppress lopinavir’s metabolism, increasing its levels in the body and thus prolonging and potentiating its effects.


Lamisil
TextLamisil is the first oral antimycotic of the allylamine class of antifungals. It possesses a broad spectrum of antifungal activity, with proven activity against dermatophytes, molds, and some yeasts and dimorphic fungi. Lamisil (Terbinafine) used to treat infections caused by fungus and affect the toenails and fingernails. Also, the lamisil oral granules are used in treating children under four years with fungal infections of scalp hair follicles and for the treatment of superficial fungal infections, particularly onychomycosis of the nails.

Fungal Infections: Onychomycosis

Fungal infections may be classified as systemic mycoses or superficial infections. The former is a more serious condition wherein the fungi invades the body and enters the general circulation, whereas the latter involves infection of the external structures such as the skin.


Lescol
AntilipemicLipids or fats in the body are classified into three groups: cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospoholipids. Upon entering the body via the digestive system, dietary lipids from the foods we eat are absorbed and transported throughout the body in the form of protein-lipid complexes known as lipoproteins. The three classes of lipoproteins are low-density lipoproteins (LDL), high-density lipoproteins (HDL), and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). Intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL) are lipoproteins with densities between VLDL and LDL.

In predisposed people such as the obese, abnormalities in the levels of lipoproteins can occur, resulting in a condition called hypercholesterolemia. This condition is defined as a state of elevated cholesterol levels, the primary indicator being LDL and total cholesterol.


Leuzea root
Botanical illustration of Rhaponticum carthamoidesRussian non-hormonal non-anabolic muscle enhancer herb whose ingredients have been proven in clinical studies to be muscle enhancer tonic while exhibiting no undesirable side effects.
See also: Immunostimulators, Mumijo , Schisandra

Rhaponticum carthamoides: a powerful adaptogen with no known toxicity
Rhaponticum carthamoides is a perennial herb, also known as Leuzea carthamoides, or by its common names “maral root” or “Russian leuzea”.

It reaches up to 150 cm of height (sometimes more), and grows endemically in Siberia, but has also recently been introduced to Europe, where it is grown for its beneficial health effects. Continue reading...


Levaquin, Levofloxacin
LevofloxacinLevaquin, also known as levofloxacin, makes part of a group of antibiotics called flouroquinolones and it is used to treat bacterial infections of the sinuses, kidney, skin, bladder or prostate, but it is also used to treat bacterial infections that cause pneumonia and bronchitis, and also people who have been exposed to anthrax. While taking levofloxacin you should avoid exposure to sunlight, sun lamps or tanning beds because this can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Furthermore, this medicine can cause you to have unusual results on certain medical tests so you should inform your doctor that you are taking Levaquin. Levaquin is active against gram-negative aerobic bacteria such as those belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae group, (E. coli and Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Proteus, Providencia, Salmonella, Serratia, Shigella, and Yersinia). It is also active against P. aeruginosa, N. gonorrhoeae and meningitidis, H. influenzae, M. catarrhalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, H. pylori, Legionella spp., Pasteurella multocida, and Vibrio spp. It is the treatment of choice for Legionella pneumophilia.


Life Extending Kit
Life Extending Kit is a selected mix of the most powerful drugs preventing aging. Kit includes metformin 500 mg/30 tab, bio-melatonin 3 mg/60 tab, folic asid 3 mg/50 tab, vitamin D3 2000 I.U./60 caps and organic selenium 100 µg/90 caps.


Lipitor
Lipitor, also known as atorvastatin, makes part of a group of drugs called HMG CoA reductase inhibitors and reduces the levels of “bad” cholesterol – low-density lipoprotein (LDL) - and triglycerides in the blood and increases the levels of “good” cholesterol – high-density lipoprotein (LDL). It is used to treat high-cholesterol and also to lower the risk of heart attack, stroke and other heart complications, especially in people with coronary heart disease, type II diabetes or other risk factors.


Lipoic acid
Lipoic acid is both water and fat-soluble antioxidant. It lowers oxidative damage to proteins and protects mitochondria from oxidative stress. Increase glutathione level. It has lipotropic effect, protects against potential damage by heavy metals.
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Lotensin
Antihypertensive TherapyLotensin or benazepril hydrochloride is a prescription only antihypertensive drug belonging to the ACE inhibitors. It is also used for the treatment of congestive heart failure (Sweetman, 2009).
Lotensin is a nonsulfhydryl prodrug (Balfour and Goa, 1991), which means that upon administration, it is converted to its active metabolite. Specifically, the ester moiety of the drug is cleaved by the esterases found in the body, benazeprilat. This active metabolite is responsible for its antihypertensive action. The drug can be seen in the blood in as fast as one hour, reaching maximum activity within 2-4 hours. Though the maximal effect is felt in the said time, the full physiological effect may not develop for about two weeks (Sweetman, 2009). Mechanism of Action – The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and ACE ACE Inhibitors such as Lotensin are drugs that act on ACE involved in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Renin, the first enzyme involved, is released from the kidneys when there is a decrease in blood pressure in the body, as signaled by low perfusion or as signaled by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS).


Maca Vibe
Maca is a cruciferous plant native of the central Andean of Peru (above 4000 m.a.s.n.). It is known that MACA is used since 2000 years ago as nourisment and medicine. As an aphrodisiac for both men and women (those seeking heightened sexual prowess).

maca effects, maca peruana, multi maca, maca nutrition, lepidium.


Madopar
Madopar is a medicine used for treating different forms of Parkinson’s diseases, except drug-induced Parkinsonism. Comprising two active ingredients called levodopa and benserazide, Madopar is categorized under group of medicines known as antiparkinsonian agents. It is available in the market under the brand name Madopar in UK and Prolopa in Canada, and both are manufactured by Roche.


Megace
Megace (generic name megestrolum) is indicated to treat loss of appetite and weight loss that is a result from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Megace is also indicated to treat advanced breast cancer and endometrial cancer. Megace may also be used for other purposes not mentioned here. Important key words: megace es, megace mg, megestrol drug.


Melatonin
Bio Melatonine is a nutritional supplement containing 3 milligrams of the active substance melatonin. Melatonin plays a role to the alleviation of subjective feelings of jet-lag* and is therefore convenient if you are traveling long distance. Beside that melatonin supports the reduction of time taken to fall a sleep.


Memantine
Memantin makes part of a class of medications called NDMA receptor antagonist which works by decreasing the abnormal activity of the brain and it is used to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. It can help people with Alzheimer's disease to perform daily activities easily and think clearly, but taking this drug will not stop the progression of the disease. This medicine may cause side effects such as: dizziness, confusion, extreme tiredness, headache, sleepiness, pain anywhere in the body. If you develop any of these side effects you must inform your doctor immediately.


Metformin
Metformin: Anti-diabetes, Anti-cancer and Anti-aging drug

Metformin is a safe and cost-effective drug which has been used for over 5 decades for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It is presently the only available biguanide used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (biguanides are drugs that lower glucose levels). Its mechanism of action is not well established; however it is understood that it probably involves its ability to increase the activity of hepatic insulin, aid the release of incretins, decrease deposition of amyloid and alter the metabolism of bile acids. Metformin is also sometimes prescribed for women with ovulation problems. There have also been evidence that suggests the drug to have some anticancer effects as studies from epidemiology, in vitro and animal trials have indicated. Metformin is also gaining increasing attention from researchers as it has been indicated as a geroprotector, i.e. a drug able to prolong lifespan. Continue reading...


Metoprolol
Metoprolol works by blocking the action of the sympathetic nervous system, which is a portion of the involuntary nervous system, by blocking beta receptors on sympathetic nerves and reducing the heart rate. Metoprolol is useful in treating abnormally rapid heart rhythms because the sympathetic nervous system is responsible for increasing the heart beat rate. Also, it reduces the force of contraction of heart muscle and lowers blood pressure. By reducing this, Metoprolol also reduces the need for oxygen by heart muscle and is helpful in treating heart pain, called angina pectoris, which occurs when oxygen demand of the heart muscle exceeds the supply.


Milgamma
TextMilgamma is a vitamin b complex drug, composed vitamin B1 (either as thiamine or its derivative, benfotiamine), vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) and vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin). It is used as a replenisher, to treat neurological symptoms associated with the deficiencies of these B vitamins as well as neuropathy associated with different disease states such as diabetes mellitus. Milgamma, Milgamma-N or Milgamma-Neuro is available as an oral tablet preparation which is composed of different combinations of benfotiamine, pyridoxine HCl and cyanocobalamin, depending on the country. It is also available as Milgamma mono, which is composed of benfotiamine alone.

Milgamma is used to treat neurological disorders, neuropathies, polyneuropathies, neuralgia, herpes and facial paralysis. It is also highly effective in patients with diabetic neurophaty. Milgamma exist in three forms which are the dragees, injection and capsules. It works by restricting the build up process of the blood sugar level in the different cells in the body. Continue reading...


Mirapexin
Mirapexin is used to ease the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, a progressive disorder marked by muscle rigidity, weakness, shaking, tremor, and eventually difficulty with walking and talking. Mirapex is believed to work by boosting the action of whatever dopamine is available. The drug can be used with other Parkinson's medications such as Eldepryl, Sinemet, and Larodopa.


Mobic
Mobic-movalis (generic name: meloxicam) is in a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and are used to treat pain and/or inflammation. Meloxicam blocks the enzymes that make prostaglandins, which are chemicals that contribuite to inflammation within joints, and reduces the levels of prostaglandins and this leads to reducing inflammation and its accompanying symptoms.


Movalis
Movalis (more known as Mobic) (generic name: meloxicam) is in a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and are used to treat pain and/or inflammation.


Mumijo (mumio)
MUMIjO is a 100% natural product, although it consists of more than 50 elements. It originates from plant and animal sources. It could be described as a concentration of beeswax, fossilized honey, and bees' nests, which seeps over long periods of time through certain rocks, under the influence of spring water, emerging as a resin type substance. MUMIO tablets are an extract from natural MUMIO grown on the high of Altay mountains and processed using modern equipment and the latest scientific research. It maintains physical and mental efficiency and thus prolongs life span. It is a weapon against illnesses. One of the most important functions of MUMIO is immuno-stimulating. MUMIO can help in getting rid of poisons and toxic substances inside the body. It can act as a painkiller in reducing the symptoms of toothache, burns and allergic reactions, as well as in cases of bone fracture.

See also: Immunostimulators, Schisandra , Isoprinosine


NADH
B vitamin Complex. Each tablet (345 mg) contains: 2.8 mg B1*, 3.2 mg B2*, 36 mg B3*, 12 mg B5*, 4 mg B6*, 2 mkg B12*, 400 mcg Folacin8. (*200% RDA). Daily 1 tablet. Manufactured in EU.

NADH (Q-1) is one of the most powerful anti-oxidants: it has the highest reduction potential of any compound found in the body's cells. The more NADH you have in your body the better the DNA repair system functions. NADH may retard cell death and tissue degeneration. It can give up to a six-fold production of dopamine, so it is potentially a remedy against Parkinson's disease. NADH has been shown to be effective against Alzheimer's disease and dementia.


Neupro
Indications: Treatment of the signs & symptoms of early-stage idiopathic Parkinson's disease as monotherapy (ie w/o levodopa) or in combination w/ levodopa, ie over the course of the disease, through to late stages when the effect of levodopa wears off or becomes inconsistent & fluctuations of the therapeutic effect occur (end of dose or "on-off fluctuations").


Nexium
Nexium is basically used for the treatment of symptomatic resolution of diagnostically confirmed erosive esophagitis. It reduces the gastric ulcers associated with the continuous NSAID therapy in patients at risk for developing gastric ulcers. This medication along with amoxicillin and clarithromycin is used for the treatment of patients with H.pylori infection and duodenal ulcer disease. Patient should not take this medication if allergic to esomeprazole or any other benzimidazole medication. Nexium is not use for immediate relief of heartburn symptoms. It is given for 4 to 8 weeks only as per the physician’s direction.


Nizoral
FungiNizoral having generic name Ketoconazole is an anti-fungal agent available in white tablets. It is basically used for the treatment of systemic fungal infections such as candidiasis, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, oral thrush, candiduria, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, chromomycosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis. It belongs to the class fluconazole. It is recommended not to use this drug for meningitis fungus as it penetrates poorly into cerebral spinal fluid. It is also use for the treatment of severe recalcitrant cutaneous dermatophyte infections. The recommended dosage of this medication is of 3.3 to 6.6 mg per kg. Minimum treatment duration is of 4 weeks. It is found that this drug may cause serious damage to liver.

Fungal Infections

Fungi (Kingdom Myceetae) are a group of organisms that are somewhat hard to describe. They are considered a group between groups, because of the sharing of characteristics between different organisms. For instance, some fungi are single- celled (like many bacteria are), while some are as large as plants. Some reproduce by fission (asexual reproduction), while others reproduce sexually. Continue reading...


Nolvadex
Tamoxifen Nolvadex (tamoxifen) is used in the treatment of some kind of breast cancer. Nolvadex is recommended for women who are at high risk for breast cancer and for women with DCIS, but after surgery and radiation. It blocks female hormone called estrogen there by preventing the growth of tumours that are activated by estrogen. Hormones that cause breast cancer growth may also be blocked by ovarian function suppression using drugs, surgery or radiation to the ovaries. It is not yet known if giving ovarian function suppression together with tamoxifen citrate or exemestane is more effective than giving tamoxifen citrate alone in treating breast cancer.
Background of disease which the drug treat
After Lung cancer, breast cancer is classified as the most common type of cancer worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, over 1 million new cases are being diagnosed annually. In 2000, almost 400,000 women died from it, representing about 1.6% of all female deaths, and in 2008, about 480,000 women. It is the fifth leading cause of cancer death. Continue reading...


Nootropil
Piracetam is nootropic agent. An effect on metabolism has been shown in man indicating improved oxygen utilisation. NOOTROPIL has a low toxicity and has no stimulating, sedative or neurovegitative activities. Piracetam has been used with varying effect in the following conditions and could influence them favorably, although no convincing proof of efficacy has been submitted.
1. Involutional syndromes related to ageing.
2. Chronic alcoholism.
Piracetam has not been found to have any contra-indications to date.
Packing: 800mg/90tab, 1200 mg/60 tab, 1200 mg/100tab
Dosage: 1 x 800 mg tablet three times daily. This initial dosage should be carried on for 3 to 8 weeks before the dosage is gradually reduced to half a tablet three times daily.
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Nootropyl
Piracetam is nootropic agent. An effect on metabolism has been shown in man indicating improved oxygen utilisation. NOOTROPIL has a low toxicity and has no stimulating, sedative or neurovegitative activities. Piracetam has been used with varying effect in the following conditions and could influence them favorably, although no convincing proof of efficacy has been submitted.
1. Involutional syndromes related to ageing.
2. Chronic alcoholism.
Piracetam has not been found to have any contra-indications to date.
Packing: 800mg/90tab, 1200 mg/60 tab, 1200 mg/100tab
Dosage: 1 x 800 mg tablet three times daily. This initial dosage should be carried on for 3 to 8 weeks before the dosage is gradually reduced to half a tablet three times daily.
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Norvasc
Why is this drug prescribed?
Norvasc is prescribed for angina, a condition characterized by episodes of crushing chest pain that usually results from a lack of oxygen in the heart muscle due to clogged arteries. Norvasc is also prescribed for high blood pressure. It is a type of medication called a calcium channel blocker. These drugs dilate blood vessels and slow the heart to reduce blood pressure and the pain of angina.

Most important fact about this drug
If you have high blood pressure, you must take Norvasc regularly for it to be effective. Since blood pressure declines gradually, it may be several weeks before you get the full benefit of Norvasc; and you must continue taking it even if you are feeling well. Norvasc does not cure high blood pressure; it merely keeps it under control. Continue reading...


Orungal
Bath candida Orungal (Itraconazole) also known as Sporanox is a drug used in the treatment of fungal infections, such as aspergillosis, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and fungal infection localized to the toenails and fingernails (onychomycosis).


Oseltamivir
Oseltamivir, sold under the brand name Tamiflu, is known as the first doctor-prescribed flu medicine and it is the only one drug approved for treatment of Avian Flu. TAMIFLU works by attacking the influenza virus and stoping it from spreading inside your body.


Pantocrin
Pantocrin (extracts from antlers of wild reindeer)is an oral drug that is used to treat various disorders which include aging, decreased sexual drive, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, low mental alertness, myotrophy and extreme fatigue. The drug contains compounds with antioxidative properties and immunomodulation activity. These compounds are necessary in activating the DNA to repair its damages thereby contributing to the stability of the gene. The side effects of taking this drug are not indicated which means that there are only rare incidents wherein grave effects are observed for this drug. Moreover, Pantocrin is also not reported to have contradicting effects with other drugs.

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Pikamilon (Picamilon)
Pikamilon (Generic name: picamilone, pikamilone, picamilon) is an oral inhibitory neurotransmitter that is used to treat anxiety and depression. It contains the combination of GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid) and Niacin which have both nootropic effects to improve the cognition responses of the patients. It works by crossing the blood-brain barrier to activate the GABA receptors to produce anxiolytic response as well as to vasodilate the blood vessels thereby relieving the patient from headaches. The drug has low toxicity thus there are no known side effects that are attributed to taking the drug. However, it is still not advisable for pregnant women or children to take this drug. Picamilone is a combination of GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid) and Niacin (vitamin B3).


Piracetam
Piracetam is nootropic agent. An effect on metabolism has been shown in man indicating improved oxygen utilisation. NOOTROPIL has a low toxicity and has no stimulating, sedative or neurovegitative activities. Piracetam has been used with varying effect in the following conditions and could influence them favourably, although no convincing proof of efficacy has been submitted.
1. Involutional syndromes related to ageing.
2. Chronic alcoholism.
Piracetam has not been found to have any contra-indications to date.


Plavix
Plavix (generic name: clopidogrel) is an oral anti-platelet drug that prevents the risk of heart attack as it discourages the formation of clots thereby improving the blood flow to the different parts of the body including the heart and brain. The drug is prescribed to patients who suffer from stroke, angina aside from heart attack. Plavix inhibits the platelets to clump together but it does not reduce the white cells in the body. Side effects of the drug include abdominal pain, bronchitis, hematoma, fatigue, dizziness and problems with both the urinary and respiratory tract. While taking this medication, it is strongly discouraged to take NSAID or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. On the other hand, other drugs that interact with plavix include nexium, kapidex, prevacid, tamoxifen, fluvastatin and phenytoin. Pregnant women are discouraged to take this medication.


Precose
Taken alone or with a combination of other diabetic medication like Diabinese, Micronase, Glucophage and Insulin, Precose is an oral medication for type 2 (non insulin dependent) diabetes treatment, its used when high blood sugar levels can not be controlled by diet alone, by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates after a meal it ensures blood sugar levels don’t surge upwards. Precose is an inhibitor of the alpha glucosidase enzyme, which releases glucose from larger carbohydrates. It is sold under various names, such as Glucobay (Bayer AG) in Europe, Precose (Bayer Pharmaceuticals) in North America, and in Canada as Prandase(Bayer AG).


Proscar
Proscar (Generic name: Finasteride) is an oral drug that is used to help shrink enlarged prostate. Prostate enlargement, also known as Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH), is non-cancerous but often results to the obstruction of the urine flow from the bladder. Aside from shrinking enlarged prostate, Proscar is also used to treat hair loss problems among males. In fact, Proscar has been approved by the FDA for hair loss treatment. The side effects of taking Proscar include decrease of semen per ejaculation, impotence or decreased in sex drive. On the other hand, no significant drug interactions are reported with this particular drug.


Pumpkinseed oil
Pumpkin seed oil are rich in the good fats which are absolutely essential to joint and health in general. Deficiency in these fats leads to all manner of problems such as heart disease, depression and cancer. This is very probable most of us eat too much sugar (carbs) and processed vegetable oils (which causes vitamin E deficiency as all is lost in processing). We are highly deficient in the Omega 3 and 9 fats and are literally phobic of good saturated fats. In addition to Pumpkin seed oil, Fish oil is good resource of essential oils too.


Raloxifene
Raloxifene (generic name: raloxifene) is an oral drug that prevents osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease that is characterized by having fragile bones. It is common among women who have undergone menopause. Raloxifene reduces the incidence of vertebral structure by acting as the agonists of the oestrogen receptor in different tissues of the body, which initiates the formation of fragile bones. Raloxifene is also taken alongside with Vitamin D and Calcium, which makes the action of the drug more efficient. The side effects that have been recorded when taking Raloxifene include vasodilation and flu-like symptoms. Moreover, patients who are pregnant, have blood clot disorders and other cardiovascular anomalies are discouraged to take the medicine.


Rapamycin
In the years since, rapamycin has been adapted for numerous uses. Like penicillin, it’s a biological agent, so it can’t be patented, although derivatives of it can. It’s now used routinely as a coating on cardiac stents to prevent scarring and blocking. Derivatives of rapamycin have been approved for use against certain kidney, lung, and breast cancers. That may be just the beginning. Over the past decade, it’s shown promise as a drug that not only can extend life by delaying the onset of aging-related diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease, but also postpone the effects of normal aging. With an eye toward changing the way millions grow older, Novartis, the $260 billion Swiss pharmaceutical giant, has begun taking the first steps to position a version of rapamycin as the first true anti-aging drug.


Red Wine high in Resveratrol
Hungarian red wine Pinot Noir has one of the highest content of Resveratrol, Quercetin and Anthocianins. The highest polyphenol content and antioxidant activity was in Pinot Noir and in Merlot from Villany.
See also: General premature aging.


Resveratrol
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phytoalexin produced naturally by several plants due to bacteria and fungi. The effect of resveratrol on life span of fruit flies and nematode worms is still under debate. During mouse and rat experiments some beneficial cardiovascular effects of resveratrol have been reported, such as: anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and blood-sugar-lowering. Resveratrol is a constituent of red wine and it can be also found in the skin of red grapes. Furthermore, Resveratrol anti-inflammatory effect have been demonstrated during several animal studies.


Revalid Capsules
REVALID is a special combination of vitamins for hair and nail
A nutritional supplement tailor-made for hair nutrition. Produced in EU by Swiss license.


Revalid CREAM
Revalid CREAM strengthens and protects the dry and deteriorated hair.

For deteriorated hair with special caring needs.

Revalid CREAM contains Birch extract, stinging nettle, chamomile, horsetail, non-ionic silicon, protein concentrates, Biobranil


Revalid hair TONIC
Revalid hair TONIC - treatment Against Hair Loss for external use. Can be used for all hair types for greasy and dry hair or hair with a dandruff.

Revalid hair TONIC contains Caffeine, stinging nettle, extract of birch, Isopropyl alcohol, Panthenol, camomile.
Key phrases: hair women's, tonic shampoo, tonic treatment, natural tonic, hair tonic, revalid hair growth system.


Revalid Shampoo and Conditioner
Revalid Revatilizing Protein SHAMPOO - Regenerates Hair.
For dry and deteriorated hair. Revalid SHAMPOO regenerates the hair, glossy shine, healthy scalp and hair texture, prevents scalp from drying out.

Revalid Revatilizing Protein CONDITIONER Revalid CONDITIONER use for care for the hair and has a smoothing effect on the scalp. For Dry and damaged hair.


Reyataz
Reyataz is a protease inhibitor. When viral RNA gets transcribed into DNA and DNA gets translated into proteins, the viral proteins produced are joined together, forming a long polypeptide sequence. In order for the different viral proteins to function properly, they must first separate from the long polypeptide sequence. HIV proteases take over the task of breaking the long polypeptide into functional proteins; which can then assemble together with RNA to form new viruses. Reyataz functions by inhibiting HIV proteases and thus preventing the formation of functional viral proteins.


Rhodiola root
RHODIOLA ROSEA (Golden root)
This is a perennial plant with red, pink, or yellowish flowers. It is no biological relation of the "common" rose, but due to its similar fragrance it has been used as a substitute for Attar of Roses. One of the greatest things Rhodiola does is enhance mental and physical performance. It has been widely used by Russian athletes to increase energy. Rhodiola is cardio-protective, normalizing the heart-rate immediately after intense exercise. It improves nervous system and mental functions such as memory by increasing blood-supply to the muscles and brain, and also increases protein synthesis. Rhodiola rosea has extraordinary pharmacological properties as an anti-mutagen and anti-depressive agent. In this respect Rhodiola rosea is much more powerful than other adaptogens.


Rhodiola tablets
RHODIOLA ROSEA is a powerful immune enhancing and anti-stress herb. Adaptogenic herb elevates mood, alleviates depression. Promotes mental energy and stamina, reduces fatigue. It has superior activity over other phyto-medicines, like St.John's Wort, Ginkgo biloba, and Panax ginseng. Key factors to beat deadly infections in time are enhancing immunity and protection of our body from stress.
Rhodiola rosea is a powerful immune enhancing and anti-stress herb. It has superior activity over other phyto-medicines, like St.John's Wort, Ginkgo biloba, and Panax ginseng. Key factors to beat deadly infections in time are enhancing immunity and protection of our body from stress.
Rhodiola rosea tablets can be a good adjuvant therapy to routine treatment with antibiotics like Cipro and Doxycycline.
See also: Immunostimulators, Isoprinosine


Rosuvastatin
Rosuvastatin is basically use for the treatment of high cholesterol and to prevent cardiovascular disease. It is a member of class statins. Rosuvastatin works by reducing levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood while increasing levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL). Lowering cholesterol can help prevent heart disease and hardening of arteries that can lead to heart attack, stroke and vascular disease. Rosuvastatin calcium is a synthetic lipid lowering agent approved as a treatment for hypercholesterolemia. It is a part of complete program that also includes diet, exercise and weight control. It is recommended not to take this medication if allergic to rosuvastatin, have liver disease or if you are pregnant or breast feeding a baby.


Rutin
Rutin is a citrus flavonoid glycoside found in buckwheat, the leaves and petioles of Rheum species, and asparagus. Rutin is also found in the fruit of the Fava D'Anta tree (from Brazil), fruits and fruit rinds (especially citrus fruits (orange, grapefruit, lemon, lime)) and berries such as mulberry and cranberries. Rutinin the form of ferulic acid, can reduce the cytotoxicity of oxidized LDL cholesterol and lower the risk of heart disease. There are also reports available that rutin can be use for the treatment of hemorrhoids, varicosis, and microangiopathy. Rutin is the glycoside between the flavonol quercetin and the disaccharide rutinose.


Schisandra
Schisandra is a type of shrub that is found to grow mainly in parts of Asia where it is normally used to make medicine from its berries. There are about 20 types of the plant being used by the Chinese to make medicines most of which are used as sedatives.
Another good medical use of the Schisandra extracts is in the treatment of the Irritable bowel syndrome. There have been no clinical trials on this but naturalists and herb specialists attest to its healing properties. Modern medicine has however proven that Schisandra when combined with some other plant compounds called lignans actually have the effect of protecting the liver from viral hepatitis.
Other ways of using Schisandra are as an adaptogen (stress and anxiety reliever) and as a way of boosting one’s immune system against various diseases or everyday weakness.
See also: Immunostimulators, Mumijo, Isoprinosine


Sea-Buckthorn
Dr. Oz revealed that the Sea Buckthorn Berry is the new miracle berry and he calls it a Super Fruit because of all its health benefits it contains an Omega-7 fat called palmitoleic acid and it can help you lose weight! It signals the body to stop storing fat.

Dr. Oz says we can get all the weight loss benefits of sea buckthorn berries by drinking sea buckthorn juice, and he said it’s easy to find (but it seems a little expensive!)Sea buckthorn oil also helps keep your mucus membranes stay lubricated and helps relieve constipation. You can take one 500mg sea buckthorn softgel daily. Sea buckthorn oil is also great for your skin, and has been touted as a remedy for rosacea even. Just apply the sea buckthorn oil topically to your face as part of your daily beauty routine.


Selegilin
Selegiline (known as Jumex in Europe) protects against aging of the brain, enhances mental function. A powerful remedy against Parkinson's disease, Selegiline is effective also as an antidepressant and as a protector against Alzheimer's disease. Professor Knoll, who developed Selegiline is convinced of its anti-aging effect and recommends for this a dose 5 mg per week (in two doses of 2.5 mg each).


Selenium
Each tablet of SELENIUM contains 100 mcg of organically binded Se. In this chelated form Se is more effectively utilized by the body.
Packing: Box of 40 tablets.
Key phrases: selenium health, selenium nutrition, selenium deficiency, selenium deficiency, selenium source, selenium tutorial.
See also: General premature aging.


Seroquel
Seroquel is one of the largest trade names for the drug Quetiapine. It is an antipsychotic that is widely used for the treatment of mental disorders such as schizophrenia, manic, mixed or depressive bipolar disorders. Some clinical trials also prove it to be positive in cases of deep depression. Some physicians will also recommend Seroquel as a treatment for Tourette’s syndrome and alcoholism but this is neither indicated nor contraindicated by the FDA. For those who have insomnia and anxiety they may also be recommended to use a low dose of Seroquel.


Sinemet
Sinemet CR is a controlled-release tablet which is used to help relieve the muscle stiffness, weakness and tremor caused by Parkinson's disease. It is also used to relieve Parkinson-like symptoms caused by brain fever (encephalitis) , carbon monoxide poisoning, or manganese poisoning.

Key phrases: drug sinemet, sinemet 100, sinemet parkinson's, sinemet overdose, levodopa and carbidopa, levodopa 25, levodopa side effects, carbidopa levodopa, carbidopa-levo.


Singulair
Montelukast (trade name Singulair) is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) used for the maintenance treatment of asthma and to relieve symptoms of seasonal allergies. It is usually administered orally. Montelukast is a CysLT1 antagonist; that is it blocks the action of leukotriene D4 on the cysteinyl leukotriene receptor CysLT1 in the lungs and bronchial tubes by binding to it. This reduces the bronchoconstriction otherwise caused by the leukotriene, and results in less inflammation. Because of its method of operation, it is not useful for the treatment of acute asthma attacks. Again because of its very specific focus of operation, it does not interact with other allergy medications such as theophylline. Another leukotriene receptor antagonist is zafirlukast (Accolate), taken twice daily. Zileuton (Zyflo), an asthma drug taken four times per day, blocks leukotriene synthesis by inhibiting 5-lipoxygenase, an enzyme of the eicosanoid synthesis pathway. The Mont in Montelukast stands for Montreal, the place where Merck developed the drug.


Sporanox
Bath candidaSporanox (Generic name: itraconazole) is a triazole antifungal drug. In the triazole group of antifungals other drugs are also included instead of itraconazole such as fluconazole, posaconazole, pramiconazole, isavuconazole, and voriconazole. Itraconazole was invented in 1984 and was first marketed under the brand name of sporanox. Sporanox oral solution is indicated for the treatment of oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis while the sporanox capsules are indicated for the treatment of different fungal infections in immunocompromised and non- immunocompromised patients including blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and aspergillosis. Sporanox capsules are also indicated for the treatment of onychomycosis of toenail and fingernail in the non-immunocompromised patients. Mechanism of action It has been observed that the itraconazole inhibits the cytochrome P450-dependent synthesis of ergosterol, which is a vital component of fungal cell membrane. As there is no ergosterol synthesis thus the fungal cytoplasmic membrane becomes weak and the cellular permeability of fungus increases and thus leakage of cellular components occur which ultimately leads to the death of the fungus. Continue reading...


Stablon
Tianeptine, sold as Stablon, Coaxil or Tatinol, is a drug used for treating major depressive episodes mild, moderate or severe. It is a neuroprotective antidepressant which reverses the neuronal damage and confusion caused by chronic or uncontrolled stress and it has a definite action in reducing anxiety and can increase the intake and the availability of the calming neurotransmitter: serotonin. Stablon has the ability to relieve anxious symptoms in depressed patients, leading to a dramatic and significant decrease in anxiolytic coprescription, which is a key advantage of this drug. Common serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as Prozac or Paxil try to keep as much existing serotonin as possible in circulation, in contrast with Stablon which does exactly the opposite, with the aim of reducing the body's brain and hormonal response to stress. It is an oral medicine available as tablets and can be taken by mouth with full glass of water before taking any food. Before taking Stablon you should speak to your doctor and let him know about any vitamins, supplemets or minerals. Take Stablon exactly as prescribed by your doctor.


Sustiva
Sustiva (efavirenz) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) , effective only for HIV type 1 (the most common type of HIV).

HIV is a retrovirus: it holds all its genetic information in the form of RNA. When it infects a host cell, the RNA gets copied into DNA by an enzyme called reverse transcriptase. In the form of DNA, the viral genetic code can integrate itself in its host’s own DNA. Then, as the host’s DNA is copied into RNA and then proteins are produced according to the code, the viral DNA gets copied along, and produces its own proteins. The viral proteins together with viral RNA then join to make up more viruses. HIV-1 inhibits the reverse transcriptase enzyme of HIV-1, leading to a reduction of HIV-1 levels in the body and an increase in the levels of CD4+ cells (cells of our immune system and one of the main targets of HIV – their levels normally decrease after an HIV infection).


Tamiflu
Tamiflu is known as the first doctor-prescribed flu medicine and it is the only one drug approved for treatment of Avian Flu. TAMIFLU works by attacking the influenza virus and stopping it from spreading inside your body.


Tamoxifen (Zitazonium)
breast cancerTamoxifen, discovered by ICI Pharmaceuticals and sold under the trade names Nolvadex, Zitazonium, is an anti-oestrogen drug which is widely use to treat breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body in men and women, to treat early breast cancer in women who have already been treated with surgery, radiation or chemotherapy. Is is also known to reduce the risk of developing a more serious type of breast cancer in women who had ductal carcinoma and who have been treated with surgery and radiation and also reduces the risk of breast cancer in women who are at high risk for the disease due their age, personal medical history or family medical history. Tamoxifen is sold as tablets, which come in different strengths: 10mg, 20mg or 30mg and can be taken with or without food. Most common side effects are hot flushes and sweats, nausea and indigestion, change in periods, weight gain or leg cramps, depression or voice changes. Tamoxifen can interact with other medicines so let your doctor know about any drugs you are taking, including non-prescribed drugs. Other Names of Tamoxifen: Nolvadex, Dignatomoxi, Emblon, Fentamox, Istubol, Kessar, Mamofen, Noltam, Novofen, Oestrifen, Tamaxin, Tamifen, Tamoplex, Tamoxen, Valodex, Zitazonium.


Tasmar
Tasmar (tolcapone), indicated as an adjunct to levodopa and cardiopa, is used to treat the signs and symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson in patients who can not take or have not responded to other medications. It is a catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor, which works by prolonging the anti-Parkinson effect of levodopa. You should take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually three times a day as directed by your doctor. You may start on a low dose, which may be increased after three weeks if your doctor thinks that you will benefit from a higher dose. You should not use this drug if you are allergic to any of it's components, if you have a liver disease or two abnormal liver function tests, if you have a history of certain muscle problems or fever or confusion that may have been caused by Tasmar or if you are taking a non selective monoamine oxidase inhibitor. You should keep in mind that some other medications can interact with this drug and you must inform your doctor about any other drugs you are taking. The most common side effects are involuntary movements, nausea, sleep disorders, diarrhoea, excessive dreaming, muscle cramps, dizziness, hallucinations and confusion.


Telfast
Telfast (generic name fexofenadine hydrochloride), manufactured by Sanofi Aventis and marketed as Telfast and Allegra, is a type of medicine called a non-sedating antihistamine which works by preventing the actions of histamine - a substance produced by body as a part of its defence mechanism. Telfast is available in tablets of 60 mg, 120 mg or 180 mg and is used to treat seasonal allergic rhinitis. It should not be used in children under 12 years of age, in breastfeeding or if the patient is allergic to one of it's ingredients. Telfast reduces the symptoms of hayfever (seasonal allergic rhinitis) and other allergies. Allegra (Telfast), like other antihistamines, works by preventing the action of histamine on your nose and eyes. Telfast is used for relief from the symptoms of allergies such as runny nose, itchy and watery eyes, itchy throat, and sneezing.


Thiogamma (Lipoic Acid)
Miss's feelings with disease conditioned by diabetes of the nerves (diabetic polyneuropathy).


Tolcapone
Tolcapone (Tasmar) is used to treat patients with Parkinson’s disease. Tasmar is a medicine that contains the active substance tolcapone.


Topamax
migraineTopamax (topiramate) is an anticonvulsant drug for patients with epilepsy who have certain types of seizures. It is a sulfamate - substituted monosaccharide with a molecular formula of C12H21NO8S and a structural formula of

Topamax for Migraine Prevention

Antiepileptic agents such as Topamax have been shown in several studies to be efficacious in migraine prevention. Storey, et al. (2001) conducted a single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to assess the clinical safety and efficacy of Topamax in the prophylaxis of migraine. After the study period, they concluded that prophylactic therapy with Topamax significantly reduced frequency of migraine episodes among patients. Similar studies by Brandes et al. (2004) and Silberstein et al. (2007) also reported highly desirable outcomes using Topamax prophylactic therapy. Continue reading...


Tritico
Tritico (trazodone) is an tetracyclic antidepressant medication which is thought to increase the activity of one of the brain chemicals, called serotonin that may become unbalanced and cause depression. It can also be used for relief of anxiety disorders such as sleeplessness, tension and chronic pain.


Truvada
HIV is a retrovirus: it holds all its genetic information in the form of RNA. When it infects a host cell, the RNA gets copied into DNA by an enzyme called reverse transcriptase. In the form of DNA, the viral genetic code can integrate itself in its host’s own DNA. Then, as the host’s DNA is copied into RNA and then proteins are produced according to the code, the viral DNA gets copied along, and produces its own proteins. The viral proteins together with viral RNA then join to make up more viruses. Emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate both work by inhibiting the action of reverse transcriptase, thus inhibiting the propagation of HIV.

Emtricitabine in cells gets converted into emtricitabine 5'-triphosphate, an analogue of deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate, one of the four nucleotides from which DNA assembles. When viral RNA is reverse-transcribed into DNA in the cell, emtricitabine 5'-triphosphate gets incorporated in the place of deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate into the DNA that is being synthesised. When this happens, DNA synthesis is halted, as the next nucleotide can not form a bond with emtricitabine 5'-triphosphate (this DNA synthesis halt is called chain termination).


Valdoxan
Valdoxan (agomelatine) (trade names Valdoxan, Melitor, Thymanax) is an melatonergic antidepressant developed by the pharmaceutical company Servier. It is marketed for the treatment of major depressive disorder and has been reported to have a reduced level of sexual side effects as well as discontinuation effects compared to some other antidepressants. Agomelatine may also have positive effects on sleep


Vepesid
Vepesid generic name etoposide (etoposide phosphate) is used as a form of chemotherapy for malignancies such as Ewing's sarcoma, lung cancer, testicular cancer, lymphoma, non-lymphocytic leukemia, and glioblastoma multiforme. It can also be used in combination with other cancer medications. Vepesid is also sometimes used in a conditioning regimen prior to a bone marrow or blood stem cell transplant. Do not use this medication if you use any kind of dietary supplements or if you have kidney disease, bone marrow depression or a history of blood conditions. Vepesid capsules absorption depends on the severity of disease. Total dose of vepesid should not exceed 650mg/m2.

Vepesid (etoposide) is indicated for use in the treatment of:
1. Small cell carcinoma of the lung.
2. Acute monocytic and myelomonocytic leukaemia.
3. Hodgkin's disease.
4. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.


VFend (Voriconazole)
Voriconazole, sold as VFEND by Pfizer, is a triazole antifungal medication which is generally used to treat serious, invasive fungal infections. These infections are generally seen in patients who are immunocompromised and include invasive aspergillosis, invasive candidiasis, and certain emerging fungal infections.


Viagra
The primary indication of sildenafil is treatment of erectile dysfunction (inability to sustain a satisfactory erection to complete intercourse). Its use is now standard treatment for erectile dysfunction in all settings, including diabetes.


Vinpocetine
Brain boosterVinpocetine basically is a anti stroke remedy which is also useful for brain circulation, memory improvement, anticonvulsant, cognition enhancement, neuroprotection and hearing ability. It is available under the brand name of cavinton and intelectol. It works by blocking calcium channel activity as well as voltage gated sodium channel. It has also been found that vinpocetine inhibits the acetylcholine release evoked by excitatory amino acids. Above this it is also reported to inhibit a cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase and it is speculated that this inhibition enhances cyclic GMP levels in the vascular smooth muscle which leads to reduced resistance of cerebral vessels and increase of cerebral flow.


Vinpotropile
Vinpotropile is a combination of Vinpocetine (with cerebro protecting properties) and Piracetam (with nootropic properties). It is basically micro-circulation enhancer which improves oxygen supply to brain cells. Piracetam increases brain cell metabolism and energy levels, and speeds up interhemispheric flow of information. Piracetam markedly decreases the formation of neuronal lipofuscin and improves posture in elderly people. It basically works by oxygenating and activating cerebral metabolism. Vinpotropile side effects include decrease in blood pressure, rarely tachycardia and extrasystole, prolonging the excitability time of the ventricle.


Viread
The active ingredient of Viread is tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, which belongs in the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) class of antiretroviral drugs. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in cells gets converted into tenofovir diphosphate, an analogue of deoxyadenosine 5’-triphosphate, one of the four nucleotides from which DNA assembles. When viral RNA is reverse-transcribed into DNA in the cell, tenofovir diphosphate gets incorporated in the place of deoxyadenosine 5’-triphosphate into the DNA that is being synthesised. When this happens, DNA synthesis is halted, as the next nucleotide can not form a bond with tenofovir diphosphate (this DNA synthesis halt is called chain termination).
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate was shown to decrease the levels of HIV RNA in the body, and to increase the levels of CD4+ cells (cells of our immune system and one of the main targets of HIV – their levels normally decrease after an HIV infection).


Xalatan
Xalatan is used to relieve high pressure within the eye (a hallmark of the condition known as open-angle glaucoma). Xalatan usually is prescribed when other medications have failed to do the job or have caused other problems.

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Xeloda
Xeloda, generic named Capecitabine, makes part from a class of drugs known as antimetabolites. Capecitabine resembles a normal cell nutrient which is needed by cancer cells to grow. It is used to treat cancer, because the cancer cells take up the capecitabine which interferes with their growth.

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Xenical
The amount of our body fat is important to how we look and how we feelXenical (generic name: Orlistat) is a drug that promotes loss of weight by preventing the digestion and absorption of dietary fat. In the intestine, an enzyme called lipase (produced primarily by the pancreas) breaks apart dietary fat so that the fat can be absorbed into the body. Orlistat blocks the action of lipase and thereby prevents the breakup and absorption of fat. The unabsorbed fat is excreted in the stool. Orlistat was approved by the FDA in 1999. Weight and Fat Our society is very critical with appearance - everyone is conscious of how they look, paying attention to every detail, especially their weight. Most people, if not everyone, equate having a low body weight to looking good. There are very few exceptions, women and men alike desire to look and feel good by achieving their desired weight. Aside from the aesthetic aspect of the weight issue, most people are conscious of their weight because it as a big factor to consider in health. However, body weight does not bear much significance, as it tells nothing about body composition, which is more important. Continue reading...


Xylometazoline / Otrivin
Long-lasting relief of nasal congestion


Zetia
Zetia is a medicine used to lower levels of total cholesterol and LDL (bad) cholesterol in the blood. It is used for patients who cannot control their cholesterol levels by diet alone. It can be used by itself or with certain other medicines to treat high cholesterol.


Ziagen
The active ingredient of Ziagen is abacavir sulfate, which belongs in the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) class of antiretroviral drugs.

Abacavir sulfate in cells gets converted into carbovir triphosphate, an analogue of deoxyguanosine-5′-triphosphate, one of the four nucleotides from which DNA assembles. When viral RNA is reverse-transcribed into DNA in the cell, carbovir triphosphate gets incorporated in the place of deoxyguanosine-5′-triphosphate into the DNA that is being synthesised. When this happens, DNA synthesis is halted, as the next nucleotide can not form a bond with carbovir triphosphate (this DNA synthesis halt is called chain termination).

Ziagen was shown to decrease the levels of HIV RNA in the body, and to increase the levels of CD4+ cells (cells of our immune system and one of the main targets of HIV – their levels normally decrease after an HIV infection).


Zinc (Zn)
ZincZINC PLUS vitamins of B complex group capsules for healthy skin, hair and nails.

Capsules Zink PLUS contain mineral Zn and vitamins of B complex group. Read more bout B Vitamins. Zinc represented in form of citrate. Zinc is very important nutrient in the integrity and strength of various body structures, such as bones, skin, hair and nails (white spots on the nails may reflect a lack of zinc). Mild acne may respond to zinc supplementation. Biotin is especially important to the development of keratin. Biotin helps fortify and nourish hair & nails. It is important vitamin for structure and stability of hairs and nails.

Each capsule contains: 5 mg Zinc, 1,4 mg B1, 1,6 mg B2, 2,0 mg B6, 1 mkg B12, 150 mkg Biotin, 200 mcg Folic Acid, 18 mg Niacin, 6 mg Pantothenic acid. More about B vitamins. Continue reading...


Zithromax
Zithromax, Sumamed, generic named: azithromycin, is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic chemically related to erythromycin and clarithromycin also known as biaxin. It is used in treating a wide variety of bacteria organisms, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Hemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, mycobacterium avium, and many others. Unusually, it stays in the body for quite a while, allowing for once a day dosing and for shorter treatment courses for most infections. Azithromycin, like all macrolide antibiotics, prevents bacteria from growing by interfering with their ability to make proteins. Due to the differences in the way proteins are made in bacteria and humans, the macrolide antibiotics do not interfere with humans' ability to make proteins.


Zocor
Blood vesselZocor, also known as Simvastatin, is a cholesterol-lowering drug. Your doctor may prescribe Simvastatin in addition to a cholesterol-lowering diet if your blood cholesterol level is too high, and if you have been unable to lower it by diet alone. In people with high cholesterol and heart disease, Simvastatin reduces the risk of heart attack, stroke and "mini-stroke" (transient ischemic attack) and can stave off the need for bypass surgery or angioplasty to clear clogged arteries.

Zocor
Zocor is a hypolipidemic drug, which means that it lowers the lipid level in the blood. It is a member of the statin group of drugs. Zocor is mainly used for the treatment of hyperlipidemia or hypercholesterolemia (high level of cholesterol in blood). FDA approved Zocor in 1997. Continue reading...


Zofran
Zofran is a drug commonly used by cancer patients who underwent either chemotherapy or radiation therapy in order to avoid the occurrence of vomiting and nausea. Although there are also non-cancer patients who are given this drug, for the same purpose after a surgical procedure was done on them.

The human brain has a vomiting reception center; wherein this is the area that controls a person’s urge to vomit. Especially after a surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy, this vomiting center of the brain is triggered. However, with the intake of Zofran, the drug inhibits the vomiting reception center from being triggered, thus avoiding the sensation of being nauseous and inevitably the vomiting of the patient.

This drug comes in syrup, oral tablets or vials. Intake of the drug should be with doctor’s prescription as it is quite lethal to persons with the following conditions: electrolyte imbalance, cardiac problems, intestinal obstruction and liver problems.


Zovirax
Zovirax is a drug used to treat a person infected with the herpes virus. The herpes virus can cause many forms of disease such as the widely known chicken pox, the sexually transmitted genital herpes disease and the lesser known shingles. Most of these diseases are rather itchy and painful with skin lesions.

All of these diseases caused by the Herpes virus can be cured with the right dose and medication of Zovirax, that is diligently consumed by the patient as per doctor’s instructions. The medication comes in several forms such as powder for IV injection, topical creams and oral medication. Depending on the severity and case of your infection, your doctor will prescribe you the correct form and dosage of the drug.

Zovirax is not a gastric irritant, thus it can be taken in without meals. However, it must be noted that the drug’s usual side effect is diarrhea and vomiting while the less frequent ones are pain, agitation and disorientation.


Zyprexa
psychosisZyprexa drug of class atypical antipsychotics and having generic name olanzapine is basically used for the treatment of schizophrenia and other manic episodes related to bipolar disorder. It mainly works by blocking the receptors for several neurotransmitters in the brain i.e. it helps to restore the balance of natural chemicals in the brain. It is very important to note that this drug should not be used for treating dementia - if taken for such psychotic conditions it may lead to heart failure, sudden death or pneumonia. It has been noticed that drinking alcohol along with zyprexa can increase sleepiness. Sometimes patients develop severe sedation, coma or delirium after an injection of extended release olanzapine. This drug sometimes increases prolactin levels which manifests as abnormal menstruation, sexual dysfunction and breast enlargement. Zyprexa can also be used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by cancer drug treatment (chemotherapy).


Zyrtec
TextZyrtec is an antihistamine drug with fewer sedative effects compared to other drugs of the same class. It works against allergy reactions whether environmentally caused or triggered by substances such as pollens, animal hair, dust, food among many others. Physically irritating symptoms caused by these allergens are easily cured by Zyrtec.

With your physician’s recommendation, the drug is safe for use for children as young as six years old and even adults. It comes in 10 mg and 5 mg tablets. The drug is not recommended for use by women who are pregnant or lactating moms. The dosage of each person could vary depending on gender and weight that is why it is a must that you must with a physician before using. When taking in Zyrtec be aware of possible side effects such as drowsiness, headache and dry mouth. As with all other drugs, you are strictly prohibited from drinking alcohol whilst under Zyrtec medication.

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Zyrtec is fourth one of drugs belonging to the new generation of drugs known as non-sedation antihistamines. These new forms of antihistamines have less of a sedating effect that the preceding forms. Continue reading...


 

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